How does an Atomic Bomb Work

The extent of devastation that an atomic bomb can cause has been shown to the world when atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki that brought an abrupt end to the Second World War. It is the nuclear fission reaction that is said to be the causative for the enormous amount of energy that is radiated when an atom bomb is dropped. The atomic bomb works on a simple principle owing to which the atoms continue to split releasing large amount of energy and new neutrons that produce the chain reaction. Large amount of energy and pressure is generated is owing to the chain reaction that proceeds at a very fast rate. The radioactive material that is made use of in the atomic bomb is compressed till it reaches its critical mass.


The nuclear fission reaction that takes place in the atomic bomb should not be confused with the nuclear fusion reaction that takes place in a hydrogen bomb. The simple model of the hydrogen bomb consists of a radioactive core of plutonium and uranium. It is compressed with TNT so as to increase pressure. It is to be noted that the impact of an atom bomb is several times that of conventional TNT. The atom bomb needs to be triggered by an altimeter or timer. In the recent times, modern techniques have been implemented to ensure that the triggering of the atom bomb is done in the easiest possible manner.


The atomic bomb is sometimes referred to as A-Bomb too and it is undoubtedly the most important among the fission weapons. The actual destruction caused by the atom bomb is when it generates high temperature and pressure following the blast. Temperature as high as 7000 degree Fahrenheit was achieved directly under the point of explosion in Hiroshima where the first atom bomb was dropped during World War 2. Thus, this goes on to showcase the enormous destruction capacity that the atomic bomb comes with.


Like the other nuclear weapons, the atom bomb causes large number of deaths due to the radioactive substance that is emitted following the bomb blast. It would be worth noting here that the radioactive substance takes a lot of time to decay, thereby, showing its impact on the generations to follow too. It is disheartening to note that the impact of the atom bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki is seen even today in the form of malformation in newly born kids. The present day atom bombs are much more powerful than the ones that were used in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.