What are Ketones

Ketones are the acids produced when the body burns its own fat. If the level of ketones in your blood is high then it can lead to diabetes and this is called ketoacidosis. These are also produced when you exercise and there is not enough insulin in your body. The easiest method to test the levels of ketones in your blood is urine test. The normal ketones range in urine is negative. The measurable range is 0-160 mg/dl. These are produced when fat is used by the body to produce energy instead if glucose. You can perform a urine test at home too. Urine test kits are available in the market using which you can come to know about the levels of ketones in your bloodstream and can get the treatment accordingly. if you find high levels of ketones in your blood, then it strongly recommended to consult a good physician as if the levels of ketones rise very high then it can cause many health problems and it can even lead to coma or the death of the patient. But urine test is not the best method to test ketones. Blood test is the best and the most accurate method to check the ketones levels in your blood. If you feel symptoms like nausea, abdominal pain then you should go for a blood test. If left untreated, then it can be a life-threatening condition. Blood test can be performed on a person who is on a very low carbohydrate diet, pregnant women etc.

Ketones in your blood stream are not only the indication of diabetes, it can have other reasons too like:

  • Sever fever
  • Strict dieting
  • Starvation
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Insulin overdose
  • Severe stress

If once ketones are found in urine, then you should check for glucose in the urine. If the glucose levels are not in the acceptable limits, then you need immediate treatment. If it is in the limits, then it means that ketones are not causing any problems and glucose is being absorbed properly. Ketoacidosis is very common in the people with type 1 and advanced Type II of diabetes. Most of the children and youngsters die of type 1 diabetes. The diabetic patients should know how much insulin is to be injected into the body. Injecting insulin into the body, ketones come to a safer level. The patients should always follow the instructions of the doctor if they are diabetic. You may need to change your diet. You may need to follow a routine. Exercise can also be a part of it so that you can restore the lost balance of your body.