What are Some Types of Cancer Treatments

Cancer is the uncontrollable growth of abnormal cells in the body. These abnormal cells are termed as tumor cells, lumps or masses. These abnormal tissues or cells can occur in part of the body. There are about 100 types of cancer which can include carcinoma, sarcoma, leukemia, lymphoma or myeloma. There can be numerous causes which can lead to cancer and these can include growing older, tobacco, alcohol consumption, sunlight, genetics, family history of cancer, poor diet, certain hormones, chemicals, unsafe sex etc. Cancer symptoms depend on the type of cancer a patient is suffering from. For ex. Breast cancer may present as a lump in the breast, metastatic cancer can show up extreme fatigue, pain etc. Signs are not specific but the signs which usually can occur are fatigue, fever, weight loss, pain, skin changes, cough and lumps. Cancer can be diagnosed using various techniques such as X-rays, CT scan, MRI, PET, ultrasound scans etc. Early detection of cancer can save a patient. Cancer can be treated using various methods of treatment which are:-

Surgery: surgery is used to remove the lumps or masses. It is usually accompanied by chemotherapy. This method offers the greatest chance to cure the cancer if cancer has not spread to the other parts of the body.

Chemotherapy: it is to use drugs to kill cancer cells. This effect the entire body and most of the people get frightened to know about it. This method has many side effects including hair loss.

Radiation therapy: it is used to kill cancer cells using high radiations. Cancer cells are highly sensitive to radiations and it helps to make cancer cells unable to multiply. It can be given either by itself or in combination with chemotherapy.

Immunotherapy: this method uses body’s own immune system to treat cancer. But it is not the better treatment to treat cancer.

Laser treatment: the term LASER stands for “Light Amplification by the Stimulated Emission of Radiation.” This therapy uses light to treat cancer.

Hormone therapy: hormones are chemicals produced by glands. Hormone therapy helps in treating certain types of cancer like breast cancer and prostate cancer. It may include removing the gland that is producing the hormones responsible for cancer.

If none of the above treatments work, then patient can be given palliative treatment to reduce his pain and to improve his life. To prevent cancer, one should take healthy diet, avoid alcohol, tobacco and maintain a healthy weight.

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