What are the Different Types of Secondary Liver Cancer Treatment
Hepatocellular carcinoma is cancer of liver. It is the third most common cancer in the world. The cancer arising from lever is called primary liver cancer or hepatoma and the cancer which originates from other organs like stomach, pancreas, breast or lung and spreads to liver is called as secondary liver cancer or metastatic liver cancer. Secondary liver cancer is much more common around the world than primary liver cancer. The causes responsible for liver cancer are:-
Use of alcohol: Cirrhosis can be caused due to alcohol consumption. Cirrhosis is the scarring of liver.
Hepatitis B: It can be caused due to the use of infected needles or sexual contacts. A person having hepatitis B is at high risk of having liver cancer.
Diabetes and obesity: It is hard to separate the effects of obesity and diabetes on the lever.
Too much iron in the body: This condition is called as Hemochromatosis. The person who has too much iron stored in the body including lever is at high risk of developing liver cancer.
The symptoms of liver cancer are variable. The initial signs are not specific. Usually abdominal pain, weight loss, easy bruising, yellow skin, nausea, enlarged spleen etc can be experienced by the patient.
Secondary liver cancer which is also called metastatic liver cancer can be cured in a number of ways. As mentioned above, this form of liver cancer does not originate from the liver but it originated from the other part of the body and spread to liver. The secondary liver cancer can be diagnosed by using extreme drug resistance (EDR), Gamma PET and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Secondary liver cancer treatment therapies can include:
Surgery: this option is recommended only when the cancer has not spread to the other parts of the body.
Chemotherapy: It is the most common type of cancer treatment by far. This technique uses various drugs to kill the cancer in the body but it has an effect on the whole body. It has many side effects such as hair loss.
Hormonal therapies: This type of therapy is used when the cancer has spread from breast. These can be used to slow down the growth of cancer hormones in the body.
Biological therapies: Monoclonal antibodies are drugs which can identify certain proteins on the surface of cancer cells in the liver. They can destroy the cancer cells in various ways.
Newer treatments: Some newer treatments like radiotherapy, laser ablation, alcohol treatment, microwave ablation, cryosurgery etc can also be used to treat the secondary or metastatic lever cancer.
The treatment option is chosen be considering different aspects of disease. If none of the above techniques work then palliative treatments are used to reduce the pain and to improve the life of the patient suffering from liver cancer.