What Are the Different Types of Stem Cells
Are you looking for an option to know more about the different types of stem cells? If so, this is probably the right content for you. Here you will find information on different types of stem cells and different terms used for describing them.
- Tissue-specific Stem Cells or Adult Stem Cells:
Most of the adult tissues contain the stem cells that could replace cells, which is dead or injured. Muscle, skin, bone marrow and intestine contain their own stem cells. For instance, in bone marrow, each day billions of new cells will be made from the blood-forming stem cells. The adult stem cells are also tissue specific. However, it is not clear that all organs like heart contain stem cells. Adult stem cell is a term that is commonly used in the stem cell industry these days. This includes cord blood and fetal stem cells. Mesenchymal stem cell is also a type of adult stem cell. These cells are found in numerous tissues such as bone marrow. They are capable of producing cartilage, bone as well as fat. These cells also help in the regeneration of tissues.
- Fetal Stem Cells:
Fetal stem cells are collected from fetus. Most of the tissues in fetus consist of stem cells, which helps in the rapid growth as well as development of organs. These cells are also generally tissue-specific like the adult stem cells. They are capable of generating mature cell types within particular organ or tissue.
- Cold blood stem cells:
During the birth, the blood in umbilical cord will be rich in blood. This forms the stem cells. Applications of the cord blood are also similar to the ones found in adult bone marrow. These cells are currently used for treating different diseases as well as conditions related to blood. They are also used in restoring blood system after cancer treatments. These cells are also tissue-specific like the stem cells found in adult bone marrow.
- Embryonic Stem Cells:
These stem cells are collected from the early embryos. In theory, they are capable of giving rise to different cells in the body. Embryonic cells carry the risk, as they might transform into cancerous tissue after the transplantation process. However, these cells are promising future therapies. Presently, there are no treatments conducted in the medical industry using these cells.
- iPS cells or Induced Pluripotent Stem:
In the year 2006, scientists found that they could reprogram cells with the help of a specialized function. The cells are known as iPS cells or induced pluripotent cells. They are created by inducing specialized cells. iPS cells and embryonic stem cells share numerous characteristics, which include the ability for becoming the cells of different tissues and organs.
However, they can sometimes behave slightly different. Therefore, these cells are refined before using.