What Causes Headaches
Headaches are of various types which are caused by different conditions. Headaches can be classified as primary and secondary headaches. Migraine or tensions are some of the common reasons for primary headache. Primary headaches account for majority of headache cases. The disorders which may lead to primary headaches are cluster headache, trigeminal neuralgia and hemicrania continua. Pains which are not caused by the head are classified as secondary headache. Although many are not dangerous but some cases can be life threatening which could even causes long term damage to your body. Headaches coupled with inability to move limbs are one of the symptoms of secondary headaches. Sinus headaches can be felt after a cold or a problem that causes a sinus infection.
Thunderclap headache occurs when blood starts clotting around the brain causing subarachnoid hemorrhage. Tension headaches are another common form of headaches in humans, it usually affect adults and adolescents. Muscle tightening can happen in some area of the head. Depression, anxiety and stress can cause pressure on the muscles around the head and neck causing tension headache. Even bad working condition and positions can lead to tension headaches such as bad posture, staying at a place for long time and working in awkward conditions are also the causes.
Migraine is a severe form of headache which is accompanied by flashing of lights, temporary blinding, vomiting and tingling sensation. Mostly it lasts for some minutes but in extreme cases it can last for hours or even days. Migraine headaches are outcome from a mixture of blood vessel swelling and the discharge of chemicals from nerve fibers that curl around these blood vessels. Throughout the headache, an artery expands which is positioned on the external portion of the skull just under the skin of the temporal artery. This results in the release of chemicals that cause pain, inflammation and further swelling of the artery. The causes of migraines are allergic reaction from some particles, emotional or physical stress, irregular sleep, dieting and alcohol. The symptoms of migraine include severe pain confined to one part of the head, nausea, vomiting and high sensitivity to light. Treatments for migraines are antidepressants, anticonvulsants and Prescription beta blockers. Several vitamins can be administered such as B12, cannabis, butterbur, riboflavin and magnesium citrate. Vision correction such as spectacles can help reduce migraine problems. Alternative treatments such as acupuncture or physiotherapy can be tried.
The treatments for headache can include making a log or diary tracking your headache activity to properly diagnose it. Sometimes bad diets such as fast foods etc can lead to headache. Neuro Linguistic Programming techniques can help you find the cause of various nerve problems. Diaphragmatic breathing is an effective way of ease headaches.