What Causes Menstrual Cramps

Menstrual cramps are also called Dysmenorrhea. It is the medical term for menstrual cramps. Menstrual cramps are pains in abdominal and pelvic area. These are mostly experienced by women during their menstrual period. The symptoms of menstrual cramps can be pain in the lower abdomen, lower back, hips and feeling of pressure in lower abdomen. There are two types of dysmenorrhea:

Primary and Secondary

Primary Dysmenorrhea is common menstrual cramps. There is no underlying gynecological problem in the female reproductive system. It is seen mostly after a year or six months after the girl starts getting her periods.

Secondary Dysmenorrhea is pain that is caused due to some abnormality is women’s reproductive system. It may be evident at the beginning of the menstruation but in most of the cases it can be seen later. It can be caused due to a tumor in the in the uterus, fibroids, endometriosis It uses same muscles which cause labor pains. However, these cramps are not as severe as labor pains.

Menstrual cramps are caused due to contractions in the uterus. When uterus contracts too strongly, it cut offs the supply of oxygen to the muscle tissue of the uterus due to this pain results. To prevent menstrual cramps, you should take exercise daily. Make it a part of your routine. Painful cramps can cause upset stomach, loose stools and sometimes vomiting. If you feel severe pains then you can take an aspirin or any other pain killer to reduce such pains. For mild cramps, you can simply take rest; you should avoid taking food which contains caffeine, you can also take massage of abdomen and lower back. It would be very effective. You can also use a heating pad or hot water bottle on your lower back or abdomen to reduce the pain and the discomfort. A regular physical activity can help in reducing pain during periods. Menstrual cramps are a normal part of a women’s life. But is the cramps are severe, then you must check it with a gynecologist to know whether the cramps are normal or not. A doctor will examine for the possible problems and will prescribe you medicines accordingly. if the cramps are secondary then doctor will tell you about the further treatment and you might need to go for further tests. Both primary and secondary dysmenorrhea can be treated, so it’s very important to get examined by a professional.

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