What Causes Swelling

Edema is the medical term used for swelling. Swelling is in increase in the size of the body due to various reasons. It is caused due to the fluid retention in the tissues of the body. Edema can occur anywhere in the body. Edema is of many types and can be classified according to its location of occurrence:

Peripheral edema: it is the swelling of ankles, feet and legs. Pulmonary edema: it is accumulation of fluid in lungs. Periorbital edema: it is the swelling that occur around eyes. Cerebral edema: it is swelling of brain or around brain. Massive edema: this swelling covers large parts of the body.

Edema can also be classified into pitting and non pitting edema. Pitting edema is a kind of swelling which leaves a pit when the concerned area is pressed firmly and non pitting edema does not leave a pit. There can be various factors which can be responsible for swelling of the different organs of the body. One of the main reasons can be injury on that particular part but swelling can be a symptom of some disease as well. Swelling in pregnant women is common. They usually get their feet swollen during this phase. Swelling can be caused due to many reasons like arthritis, chronic kidney disease, chronic liver problems, lung diseases, cirrhosis of liver, heart diseases, excess intake of sodium, environmental factors, eyelid problems, hemophilia, menopause, pregnancy, nutritional deficiencies, side effects of certain medicines, hernia, thyroid, weakness or damaged veins etc. edema shows the symptoms like increased size of that particular organ, shortness of breath if it is the swelling of chest, puffiness of the skin leaving pits when pressed of it is pitting edema. People who stand for prolonged periods can also get swelling of feet and legs. This is usually not severe and mild. It goes on its own. Some people get swelling of hands and feet in cold weather which is also common. Some people wait to seek medical attention until the symptoms develop properly but it is advised to seek medical help and treatment in the beginning of the problem as it will help to diagnose the problem earlier. If swelling is mild and it is due to cold weather or due to standing or walking for a long time then you can try home remedies but if it is severe and you are unable to diagnose the root cause of swelling then it is better to consult your doctor.

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