What is a Heart Attack

When plaque, a waxy element stuck in the coronary arteries which in turn reduces the blood flow, led to a condition where a blood clot blocks the blood flow through this artery. This is known as coronary artery disease. If this is not treated well in the beginning, heart tissues gets replaced by scar tissues, led to long-term heart disease problems. Symptoms of the heart attack are chest pain, sweaty, restlessness and nausea. In some people, symptoms are awful feeling, dizziness, shortness of breath and coughing also. Intense exertion sometimes leads to heart attack.

The reason behind this is increased stretching of pulse pressure. A heart attack can be triggered by pneumonia. The risk of heart attack increases for men with age 45 and above and women with age 55 and above.  Angina blocks the supply of oxygen. In addition, higher blood cholesterol levels lead to blood clots, led to the heart attack. Diabetes also increases the risk of the heart attack. In taking of saturated fats also increases the risk of the heart attack. Heredity is also another cause of the heart attacks. People who have gone through heart surgery have higher chances of the heart attacks. People who are overweight may face heart attack in their future. Exercise keeps a person fit, if a person is lazy may face heart attack at an early stage. The main cause is smoking. Heavy smokers are at more risk than occasional smoker. After studying the patient’s physical status and checking with all possible symptoms, diagnosis of the heart is performed.

To diagnose the heart attack, two tests are performed to check the cause and extent of the heart attacks. The first test is Chest X-ray and the other one is ECG(Electrocardiogram). There are certain guidelines have set by WHO stating that if a heart attack patient is falling into any of these criteria then only he will be diagnosed. The criteria’s are as follows: Chest pain lasting for more than 20 minutes, ECG changes in serial tracings and up-down in serum cardiac. Providing the treatment to a heart attack patient is very crucial and it should be done as soon as possible. In order to awaken a heart patient, doctors use CPR. Sometimes defibrillator is given to a patient in order to restore heart activities. In order to block the increment in the blood clot, aspirin is used for blocking the increment of the blood clot. Morphin is given to a heart patient, to reduce the discomfort and anxiety.  Quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy diet, maintain cholesterol and blood pressure levels, healthy work out like meditation and yoga may help in reducing the risk of the heart attack.

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