What is a Hysterectomy

Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure to remove uterus of a woman which is generally done by a an experienced and trained gynecologist. This implies that the woman undergoing such surgery will not have her menstrual periods anymore and her ability of bearing a child ends there. Hysterectomy can be done in different types, depending on the organs that need to be removed. Let’s take a glance at them.

  • The most common kind of hysterectomy done is to remove the uterus and cervix ( neck of the womb) which is termed as total hysterectomy.
  • Removal of uterus alone leaving behind the cervix is known as sub-total hysterectomy.
  • Another rare type of hysterectomy involving removal of uterus, cervix , a portion of upper part of the vagina along with some tissues from the pelvis is known as radical hysterectomy. This type of surgery is performed only in case of cervical cancer which is done by specialized gynecologist.

Now, the question or rather worry in most of you would be if you are also a possible candidate to undergo Hysterectomy. Why to get confused? Here is a list of probable cases wherein a woman will have to undergo this surgery which would help you to rule out any such doubts.

  • A Hysterectomy is always done in case of cancer of the uterus or cancer of the cervix and also in cases of ovarian cancer.
  • Even a non- cancerous patient might undergo hysterectomy due to heavy bleeding and pain in the uterus during menstrual periods. This heavy bleeding in some cases might drive the person to anemia thereby affecting the quality of life of the woman. Heavy bleeding can also be attributed to development of fibroids or any hormonal problem. Thus the gynecologist will rightly analyze the reasons of such heavy bleeding and would finally suggest for a hysterectomy is required.
  • One another possible case of undergoing hysterectomy is a person suffering from any inflammatory disease in the pelvic area which could be as a result of infection that has affected the reproductive system. If not detected at the early stage, this infection could harm both the fallopian tubes and the uterus causing severe pelvic pain and the woman would be left with no option other than to permanently remove her uterus through hysterectomy.
  • Endometriosis could pave way for a woman to undergo hysterectomy. This is a condition where the cells which are formed inside the uterus creating a lining in the uterus, are developed outside the uterus which hinders regular menstrual cycle causing sever pain and discomfort and sometimes leading to infertility. Thus if the person has not responded to any other treatment in fixing this condition, a hysterectomy is prescribed.
  • When the muscles and ligaments that support the uterus are weakened, the uterus tends to drop down from its position which is termed as prolapsed of uterine. This condition causes heavy back pain along with painful sex. There are other treatments to strengthen the muscles so that uterus is supported.  However, in cases of severely weakened muscles, hysterectomy would be the right suggestion.