What is a Lobotomy
Historically, lobotomy is known to treat people suffering from any behavioral or psychological disorder. It is a procedure of surgery to remove damaged frontal cortex parts. With the further progress in the field of medicine during the 1950s, lobotomy was replaced largely with therapy talk, medications and other alternative treatments.
People who were successfully treated with lobotomy were found to be more calm and normal in their life. There were significant psychological and behavioral changes observed in the patients.
It is also possible that a lobotomy can go wrong at times, since brain is considered as the most complex and delicate part of the human body. In earlier times the success rate was quite less as doctors and medical experts did not have sufficient scientific tools to view the activities of the brain.
As the result it can be also said that many times a person can face sudden death due to an un-successful lobotomy. In worst cases the unsuccessful surgery could cause severe brain damage that could ultimately result in patient’s permanent or temporary retardation, coma or a vegetative state.
Lobotomy involves the cutting of the nerve connections that lies in between the brain and the frontal lobes. Medically the frontal lobes are known to be unique part of a human body responsible for causing functioning of love, emotions, creativity, autonomy, abstract reasoning, decisions, judgment, will power, determination, self-insight, empathy, initiative, rationality and concentration.
In the absence of frontal lobes a human is less considered to maintain a more civilized, matures and effective life. A successful lobotomy surgery can bring about some significant mental and behavioral changes in a person. Besides this, the main aim of a lobotomy surgery is to release an adaptive behavior rather than suppressing any unwanted or undesirable behavior.
Generally, patients have to spend a few weeks in hospital after the lobotomy surgery especially if they are suffering from any mental disorder. Soon after their discharge from the hospital they are sent to a rehabilitation center for further improvement in their mental stage.
The recovery varies differently in different patients depending upon the severity of the mental condition of the patients. Some people may experience a slow recovery, while other may eventually demonstrate a successful clinical and behavioral response.
Removing the parts of human brain is known to be most notorious treatments developed over centuries for treating anxiety, depression, mania and other mental disorders. Today lobotomy is performed in a few countries only.
Another word for lobotomy is neurosurgery for a mental disorder. Lobotomy is considered as one of the last resort for treating disorders like obsession, compulsion, epilepsy or depression too.