What is a Pathologist

A doctor who does research on the cause and formation of a disease under consideration is referred to as a Pathologist.

Need for a Pathologist:

There might be a question about – why a pathologist is needed apart from a doctor? It is because a doctor is a person who gives treatment based on the current situation of the patient using his knowledge.

But the pathologist is a person, who finds

  • The cause of the disease (how it originated),
  • Formation of the disease (cell multiplication and spreading) and
  • How much damage it might bring about to the patient.

Pathologist types:

Most often a pathologist is mistaken to be a person, who takes legal proceedings (offered by cops) to perform forensic inspection (usually autopsy) over dead bodies. The pathologist of that type comes under pathology, namely Forensic Pathology. Not only over dead bodies, even on a living person (patient), a pathologist plays a major role in conducting experiments and observations over the patient’s blood, urine, etc. in the laboratory. Such pathologists are termed as Clinical Pathologists.

Also pathologists even play a vital role in determining the surgical strategy to be followed over a particular patient depending upon the case history of the patient, and by observing tissue samples. Such pathologists are referred to as Surgical Pathologists or Anatomic Pathologists.

Dermatopathologists are those who specialize in observing the cause, depth of the disease and the possible damages which the disease might bring in the patient’s skin. Several incurable skin diseases are looked as simpler disease by such pathologists. The disorders in the bone marrow and its inner components namely blood corpuscles, clotting of blood, etc, are treated by Hematopathologists.

Apart from pathologists related to human beings there are other pathologists such as veterinary pathologists and plant pathologists. Veterinary pathologists are similar to the medical pathologists. Plant pathologists are those who do research over the various diseases and the corresponding disease resistance for plants. 

Normal routine of a pathologist:

Each pathologist suites into the following works in order to maintain the quality of service offered, namely

  • Assuring the quality/accuracy of the results provided as reports by the pathologist.
  • Ensuring that the reports are given in such a way that it could be easily understood yet accurately.
  • And most significantly guiding the co-workers to perform various tests over a sample of a particular patient simultaneously.

The co-workers of a pathologist are as follows:

  • A person who collects the sample of blood to perform tests from the patient.
  • A person to review over the blood or tissue under observation using a microscope.