What is a Periodontist
Periodontist is a dentist whose specialty is diagnosis, treatment and prevention of periodontal disease which is commonly known as the gum disease. These people usually take four years in the dental school followed by an additional two to three years aimed at understanding the gum disease. The additional years taken help these dentists to be able to recognize the disease at very early stages and prescribe the best treatment for it. Periodontist will inform you that early detection of the disease is advantageous because they are able to use simple and effective methods to treat the condition. They advise that you should visit them often to be checked for any abnormalities that may cause this disease. You are required to visit a dentist at least two times a year.
Whenever you visit the periodontist, they will usually check your gums and teeth to determine their health. This is done by using small equipment known as the probe which determines the space between the teeth and the gum. They also check whether teeth are compact together especially when biting and whether there are any lose teeth. If these simple tests are positive, there is a high chance that you have the gum disease. On the other hand, if they are negative, then you do not have to worry because you do not have the condition. Another thing the periodontist may ask you is whether there are any other drugs you are taking. This is because some drugs affect the gum health. The drugs include those of diabetes and heart disease. Some conditions like pregnancy also affect the periodontal health. This is because the amount of calcium in the teeth and gums is reduced significantly because of the development of the baby.
However, there are some conditions that should make you to visit the periodontist as soon as you feel them. They include;
- Deterioration in teeth health
- Losing some teeth
- Swollen gums
- Reddening of the gums
- Bleeding gums especially during and after brushing teeth
The above conditions are associated with gum disease which can be very dangerous if you do not go to see the periodontist as soon as you realize them. Periodontist use drugs and simple procedures to cure the condition when realized early enough. However, if you do not realize the early symptoms and the disease gets worse, surgical procedures may be done to remove the infected parts.
All people should visit periodontist regularly for checkups. This is because every person is prone to the condition. However, the elderly and those taking drugs are at high risks of getting the condition. In this case, these people should be checked more often to determine whether they have the disease or not. They are also advised on the prevention strategies to take to avoid getting the disease.