What is an Allergy

In few people, allergy may turn into life threatening reactions. Symptoms of allergy may differ with the type of allergen. There are allergens like pollen or dust which are airborne substances. In such cases, symptoms are irritation of the nose, redness of the eyes, itching and sneezing. This may lead to bronchitis or secretion of mucus in the lungs. There are other allergens like latex which when come into contact with the skin, cause rashes, infection within the skin or swelling. Apart from these allergens, allergic reaction may happen from medication and food. The human body’s immune system is not supposed to attack the food. However, this happens when a person is allergic to food. In other terms, we can say that it is a food allergy. In food allergy, allergic reaction may occur anywhere in the body because food gets distributed to the tissues through your veins.  The allergy causing risk factors can be categorized as environmental and host. The environmental factors are pollution, dietary changes, manifestation of infectious diseases during childhood. The host factors are likely to be gender, heredity and race, with heredity being significant.

However, latest research has shown that genetic factors alone cannot state the allergic disorder. All the possible cause of an allergy should be taken into consideration before diagnosing it. Accurate diagnosis leads to effective management of the allergic reactions. To reduce the harmful effects of allergic reactions, allergy testing is very important. This also helps in avoiding unnecessary medication. Counseling, accurate diagnosis and considering the valid test results advice can help to a great extent to overcome the symptoms of allergy.

Allergy can be tested in two ways. One of them is Skin test, which is also called as puncture testing or pricks testing. Tiny amounts of considerable allergens are acquainted to the skin blazed with pen. A tiny plastic is used to prick the skin. A visible infection occurs if the patient is infected with allergic reaction. This result will vary from little reddening of the skin to a full-blown skin. Interpretation of these results is based on a scale of severity. The other way of testing allergic reaction is blood testing. In blood testing, a blood sample of the infected area is taken into consideration. Concentration of Ige antibodies is calculated which helps in finding the severity of the allergy. A single blood sample test may detect multiple allergens. Allergy blood testing is safe, you will not reveal to any type of allergens during the whole blood testing procedure. So far excellent improvement has been made in the medical practices to treat the allergic conditions. Treatment of allergic condition simply consisted of avoiding the exposure to allergy. Several drugs are available in the market to block the activation of cells.  Latest technologies are playing a very crucial role in reducing the overproduction of Ige antibodies.

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