What is an Isotope

Isotope is the term which represents two different kinds of the similar element or the substances which have the different quantity of neutrons available in the single nucleus.  The specific element or the substance can be identified and recognized by the several numbers of protons and neutrons which are present in the nucleus. And the different kinds of isotopes for a given substance can also have the exact similar quantity of protons, but they will have different quantity of neutrons available in the nucleus. If the numbers of neutrons available are in deficit then the standard one it can make the nucleus become unstable. The Protons available in the nucleus are generally charged positively which means that they will repel with each other. Presence of the neutrons is very important to divide the protons which can make the stable configuration but if it is unstable configuration the decay of nuclear can result in changing the atoms and the molecules in the ample particles of radioactive.

The speed or the frequency in which these isotopes are decaying is provided by the half-life, which is the intermission after which the other half of element wills breaks further. At time some isotopes such as helium, does not have the radioactive particles. Except the functional feature to be radioactive, the isotopes generally behave in a similar way to the natural substance of which it is a variant. These isotopes can also participate in each kind of similar reactions that contains the similar mass. At many times, the increase in mass basically means that the chemical reactions are slow than the usual course of action. There are several kinds of isotopes, and even many more which are yet to be discovered and created yet.  The well known isotope which is very popular is 235U, as it uses its nuclear energy. The enriched uranium means the one which have high concentration of the isotope, and on the other hand the depleted uranium means which have low concentration.

Different properties of Isotope

There are different kinds of properties of isotope which are the chemical and molecular property of isotope, nuclear properties of isotope, quantity of isotope which is available in each element or substance. Where the chemical and molecular property of isotope means the situation when the atom contains the similar number of protons and electrons in the neutral atom and so the different isotope of the substances or the element contains the similar number and quantity of the protons and they also have the same structure of electronic. The nuclear properties and the stability of isotope as, as the protons have the positive charge and the neutron which are neutral in nature and so it enhances the stability of isotope.

 

 

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