What is an STI

STI stands for Sexually Transmitted Infection that means a contagious disease, which can be transmitted through intimated sexual contact. In general point of view people think that if they are affected with any kind of sexually transmitted disease then they will come to know. But it has been seen that most of the sexually transmitted diseases doesn’t have any signs or very meek symptoms which can be overlooked. That is the reason why the word “disease” in the term STD is getting replaced by the word “infection” in STI. It has been observed that normally one among the ten teenagers who are sexually active is affected by STI not only for them any sexually active person may be affected by STI. But it remains untreated in most of the cases as many STI doesn’t have or very meek signs.

Reasons of the STI

There are so many reason of STI. But most common causes are: if you have more than one sexual partner or practicing unsafe sex, sharing sex toys, anal sex or oral sex then you are very much prone to get affected by any kind of STI. Basically STI is caused by virus or bacteria which can be transmitted by any of the mentioned practice. Condom is very popular among the majority of the people but you have to remember that you can make sex safer by using it but it doesn’t formulate sex safe.

Symptoms of the STI

Some of the affected STI patients may have no symptoms but some have like:

  • Painful or burning urination.
  • Abnormal discharge from penis or vagina.
  • Bleeding or pain after or during sex.
  • Itching sensation at the genitals.
  • Blisters or lumps in the surrounding genital area.
  • Abnormal bleeding during periods.
  • Painful testicles.
  • Abnormal pain at belly portion.

If you have any of the above symptoms then you have to go through a medical observation which will involve STI testing also and if remain untreated then it may cause serious health problems.

Types of STI

There are several types of STI but most common STIs are as follows:

  • Chlamydia.
  • Genital herpes.
  • Genital warts.
  • Gonorrhea.
  • Hepatitis B.
  • Pubic lice.
  • HIV.
  • Syphilis.

Prevention of STI

It is always said that prevention is better than cure. Therefore always practice safe sex. Use condoms in case of anal, vaginal or oral sex. It is also helpful in HIV prevention. Always prefer STI testing in case of changing sexual partner.

It is always better to remain in continuous medical observation and go for checking if you get any doubt about STI. It is also advised to remain sexually inactive during the course of diagnosis until you have all clear sign form your doctor.

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