What Is Anorexia Nervosa
Anorexia Nervosa is an eating disorder wherein the person feels that he/she is overweight and tries hard to lose weight inspite of being underweight for his/her age. The main reason for this disorder is said to be the fear in the minds of the person with regard to gaining weight and in people who have a low self image about themselves, the chances of occurrence of Anorexia Nervosa are higher. Studies have shown that a person with Anorexia Nervosa tries to pretend that he eats, but does not do so in reality. It is disheartening to know that Anorexia Nervosa is a disorder that has recorded the highest number of deaths among all the known mental disorders. Though it is more common in women, this ailment is seen in men in their teenage too.
The common signs and symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa are as discussed below. The person who suffers from this ailment avoids intake of food, exercises at odd times, inspite of his busy schedule or bad health and tries out the various methods of dieting to cut down on weight. The fear of gaining weight makes the patient force himself to throw up after meals to ensure that the food that he consumed does not lead to any increase in his body weight. Experts are of the opinion that the person with this ailment spends lot of time in front of the mirror, checking out himself and avoids eating in public. Yellow skin and patches on the skin, fine hair on the body and extreme weakness are some of the common symptoms in patients who suffer from this disease.
The diagnosis for Anorexia Nervosa consists of tests for bone density, kidney functioning and liver functioning. Once the presence of the ailment in the person is confirmed, the first step in treatment is to ensure that he gets the right kind of counseling so that he is made to understand about the eating disorder that might prove fatal if not rectified at the earliest. Steps need to be taken to make sure that the person is engaged in more social activity and keeps away from physical activity of any kind till normal health is regained. It is important to bring about more regularity in eating habits.
Once the patient enters later stages of this ailment, the chances of him getting into depression are very high. Therefore, it is important that such patients are monitored and counseled continuously to ensure that they do not attempt suicide. It would be worth mentioning here that unless the patient is not convinced about the root cause of the problem that lies in his thinking, curing the ailment is not possible.