What is Aphasia
Aphasia is a form of neurological disorder that holds a negative impact on the ability of an individual to talk. An individual suffering from Aphasia faces difficulty in writing and writing. Aphasia originates from the Greek term “aphatos”. The Greek term “aphatos” means speechless condition. Aphasia arises mainly due to a pre-existing brain damage. According to a conducted study, more than thirty percent stroke victims suffer from aphasia to a certain extent.
Three common types of Aphasia conditions are common namely:
- Fluent Aphasia
- Non-Fluent Aphasia
- Global Aphasia
Previously, Aphasia was a relevant term people used to describe conditions related to total impairment of the language and communication ability of an individual. Dysphasia was a common term used to refer to partial language impairment. Most people tend to mistake this ailment as a form of swallowing disorder. Hence, the term Aphasia includes both the meaning of language impairment.
Individuals affected with fluent aphasia experiences difficulty in expressing themselves. Though the ability to speak is not affected, spoken words hardly do make any sense. An individual suffering from Fluent Aphasia has trouble to write as well. The writing of such a patient hardly makes a proper sense. A Fluent Aphasia patient easily becomes agitated and annoyed if in the case anyone faces difficulty understanding him or her. Such patients generally face from speech problem as compared to writing problem.
Among global aphasia patients, written/vocal interaction gets affected. Reading, writing, listening and speech capability of an individual gets affected a lot. Individuals suffering from non-fluent aphasia suffer from hesitant and slow speech. Such patients face immense difficulty to speak words. Non-fluent aphasia patients’ writes sentences that are hardly complete and many a time reflect missing words too. Individuals suffering from non-fluent aphasia have problems in grammar than words alone. Aphasia is caused when the neural pathways are damaged.
- Brain Tumor
- Traumatic Brain Injury
The only possible way to treat aphasia is with the aid of Speech and Language Therapy (SLT). It becomes difficult for such a patient to regain the similar communication level, as one possessed prior the disorder. It is a heartening fact that patients suffering from global aphasia can show massive improvement as well.
The positive results one can hopefully gain from SLT include enhanced use of residual language abilities, ability to communicate altogether in a different manner and an improved language skills as well. A few variations of speech language therapy are available including Melodic Intonation Therapy, Promoting Aphasic’s Communicative Effectiveness (PACE), computerized script training (CST) and group therapy as well.