What is Basal Cell Carcinoma
Basal cell carcinoma is a skin cancer that initiates from cells of skin generally due to excess exposure to sunlight. It has become a severe problem in some countries as lots of people are suffering by it in recent years.
A Basal Cell Carcinoma is a type of cancer that originates in the basal cells which are located in the skin of human body. These cells are responsible for the production of new cells in order to fulfill the requirement of old cells which will die after sometime. You can easily recognize Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) at it makes the skin abnormal as the skin starts looking a bit ugly. You will recognize
- Open Sores
- Red Patches
- Pink Growths
- Shiny Bumps in your skin when you will suffer from Basal Cell Carcinoma.
It is increasing rapidly in recent years as many people are suffering due to it. According to records and statistics approximately one million Americans suffers every year by Basal Cell Carcinoma.
Most of the people who are affected by this cancer have a common thing i.e. exposure to sunlight. Basal Cell Carcinoma happens due to excessive exposure to sunlight. As sunrays also have ultraviolet radiation, long term exposure to sunlight causes this cancer in skin. In fact, areas of the skin which are exposed to sunlight like face, neck and sometimes hands are the main areas which are affected by this skin cancer. In countries like America where this cancer is becoming very common, people should avoid standing under the sun but if they can’t manage to do so, they should use a sunscreen to avoid the ultraviolet rays up to certain extent.
As it is a severe problem, one should know about its signs as symptoms so that he can detect it as soon as it occurs. Often you will see blood vessels in your face, ears or neck as these areas are generally affected by it. Sometimes you will notice a depression in the center of the skin. People whose complexion is dark will observe that this cancer is also brown or black. A flat, flesh colored patch can be also seen in your chest or back. These patch increases or grow more and more if left untreated for long time.
Men have more risk of getting affected by Basal Cell Carcinoma because when looking in a general sense, men are more exposed to sunlight. If you live in warm or high-altitude climate and you are exposed to ultraviolet rays then you have greater risk of having this cancer. People having dark skin are safer than those having fair skin as people having fair skin get sun burn easily. As Basal Cell Carcinoma is a gradual process it takes almost a decade to affect a person completely so this cancer affects a person of more than 50 years usually.