What Is Child Development

Every human goes through various psychological and physical changes throughout his or her life, and this phenomenon is known as development or growth. Human development is differentiated in many phases and the psychological and physical changes children goes through till their adolescence is known as child development. Child development plays a significant role in the growth of a child. Any complication occurred in this phase has serious consequences on the future, which may seize further development.

Child development is directly associated with physical and mental growth of a child. It is during this phase, a child realizes his social existence and learns about human society. Factors such as parental guidance, upbringing, environment and maturation plays an important in shaping the future of  a kid. There are some biological factors such as genetics and hormones, which plays a significant role in child development.  Understanding the process of child developmentUsually, it is seen that development is directly proportional to age but it is not true.

Overall development or growth varies from kid to kid. Some grow and mature before time and some take time. On the other hand, some have suppressed physical development and others outgrow due to some hormonal or genetic issues. So, it is very crucial for every parent to understand different phases of child development, which are newborn baby, infant, toddler, preschooler, childhood or school aged, and adolescent.

Biological Factors
Genetics influences child growth and it can turn off or turn on development. All cellular changes are directly connected with genetics and many scientists have proved that it is influential in initiating child development. Genetics usually triggers maturity and other psychological and emotional changes. However, many doctors have explained the impact of genetics on physical growth. Genetics may affect diet or appetite of a kid and can cause neural complications as well. Hormonal activities also influence child development. Such influences are generally abnormal in nature such as overgrowth or undergrowth in physical development. Hormonal activity acts as a catalyst in maturation.    

Social and Environmental factors
Upbringing is crucial for psychological development of a child. The future of every kid depends on the upbringing and the environment in which he or she is born and needs no further explanation. Society also have a major role in shaping values and morals for a child. These factors determine psychological growth of every kid. However, environment also determines many physical aspects of development such as allergies and phobia. Our environment, society, culture, heritage and upbringing shapes the cognitive development of a child and its impact stays for a long time. Basically, child development is a period where a child realizes his or her full potential and matures into an adult.