What Is Ciprofloxacin
Ciprofloxacin is a synthetic antibiotic. It belongs to the class of fluoroquinolone. It was approved by FDA in1987.It interacts with herbal and natural supplements. It is antibacterial drug that interferes with the development of DNA and of protein and thus hinders the growth of bacteria. This antibiotic may cause muscle rupture and breathing problems.
It is used to treat infected skin, prostrate, bladder, lung, kidney and abdomen. This is a prescription medicine and once started its use should not be stopped without doctor’s consultation.
The recommended dose for adults is 250 mg to 750 mg tablets twice daily. These tablets should be taken before or after the meals. Dairy products should be completely avoided and plenty of water take is advised with this drug. Calcium- fortified supplements and food rich in magnesium or iron should be avoided during the course of this antibacterial medication.
These tablets should be kept at room temperatures where children should not be able to access it. It comes in 200 mg, 500 mg and 750 mg strengths. 750 mg ciprofloxacin are available as capsules. Tablets are off-white, biconvex and film coated tablets. Strength is embossed on one side of the tablet.
This medication should be avoided by the people who are allergic to quinolone antibiotics and tizanidine. Non–medicinal ingredients include colloidal silicon dioxide, microcrystalline cellulose, ethylene glycol and other permitted syrups and bases. These medicines should not be thrown in sinks or toilets and proper advice should be sought for their harmless disposal.
It is often used in second line treatment when other drugs fail in treating certain gram positive and gram negative bacteria. It is used in disease like anthrax, dysentery and typhoid. Apart from tablets this can also be consumed as oral suspension, intravenous solution usually as hydrochloride.
It should not be given to pregnant ladies or breastfeeding mothers. Dosage should be decided only by the doctor and its termination should take place only after doctor’s recommendation. Those facing neurological problems should not take this drug. Hallucination, convulsions, tremors are found in number of patients that undergo this treatment. This antibiotic attacks an enzyme called DNA gyrase.
It is known by various trade names in different countries. Afenoxin, Argeflox, Baflox, Baycip, Cetraxal and Cifloxin are a few known trade names of this antibiotic. It is available under trade name Ciloxan in United States. Ciplox is the brand name given to it in Asian and African countries.
Prolonged use of Ciprofloxacin may cause yeast infections. Kidney functions may get disturbed in some patients. Monitoring of changes in urination habits is advised to such patients. It interacts with a number of medicines. BCG vaccine, cyclosporine, iron supplements, ibuprofen, sucralfate are few medications which cannot clubbed with this anti bacterial drug.