What is Classical Music

Music is a part of the world of various sounds which is organized in time in the form of art. So amongst all the sounds, we can distinguish music by the main characteristics like pitch, duration, dynamics and the tone. Music has evolved itself in numerous forms and genres and rightly proves the saying “music has no limits”. Out of all, classical music is one of the oldest forms which span its existence for over 700years.

Classical music forms a part of the art music originating from the western world. It was referred to the genres like symphony, sonata, string quartet etc with some instrumental combinations like solo violin, string quartet etc. Though classical music has been in existence for long, it is often categorized to the historical period between 1730- 1820. This was the period which predominantly leads by the music of Mozart, Haydn, Bach and Beethoven who were considered giants in their established forms and techniques of music.

 Beethoven was the most popular who had composed nine beautiful symphonies. Mozart was no less in his work, which had offered wide range of music pieces and was known to take musical lines from one piece and insert in to another to form a new piece of music. Bach was another prolific composer who had been the father of baroque music and his compositions are still considered as golden standards by the music students.

Then with the rapid change of ideas and outlook in the 19th century, romantic era started taking a lead thereby changing the principles followed by the composers for their work. The focus was shifted from spirituality to the depth of individual human emotions. Composers of this era, to name a few are Brahms, Verdi, Berilioz and Schumann, who are still considered as significant figures for their art work.

While we talk about classical music, let’s also have a look into the Indian classical music. The traces or origins of Indian classical music were found even in the oldest scriptures of the Hindu tradition like Vedas which described music elaborately. Similar to western classical, Indian classical music also revolves around 7 fundamental notes SA Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni SA. It is majorly performed based on ragas and thalas. Indian classical music have two main forms namely Hindustani music, which is found in North India and Carnatic music found in South. They use typical instruments like sitar, table, shehnai etc for Hindustani and violin, ghatam, mridhangam etc for Carnatic music.

There have been renowned legends in Indian classical music and name a few could be M.S. Subbulakshmi, Balamuralikrishna, Abdul wahid khan, Bhimsen joshi and many more. The survival of classical music is still possible due to its versatility and it is remarkable that the whole world finds the beauty in it and makes it universally appealing.