What is Colon Cancer

Colon cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the colon cells. This type of cancer is considered to be quite common, as it is the third most common type of cancer resulted in men and women. Millions of people around the world are diagnosed due to colon cancer every year. Some medical experts and professionals consider rectum and colon cancers as one group, which is known as colorectal cancer. However, others treat colon cancer and rectal (rectum) cancer completely different.

Different Types of Colon Cancers:

About ninety-five percent of the colon cancers will be adenocarcinomas. Whereas, other five percent of the cancers that occur in colon are due to the less common cell types, which include gastrointestinal stromal tumors, neuroendocrine tumors, lymphomas, carcinoid tumors, leiomyosarcomas, melanomas as well as the signet ring cell tumors. As some of these cells occur in other parts of the body, they might sound similar to you. For instance, melanoma occurs in the skin most commonly. However, it can also occur in colon as well as other areas.

Symptoms of Colon Cancer:

As colon cancers will grow for years without any type of symptoms, it is very important for you to get regular screenings from a medical expert. Some of the symptoms of colon caner include stomach cramping, thin stools, fatigue and unexplained weight loss.

The risk factors:

The number one risk factor for colon cancer is seen in people, who are fifty or older. However, there are also other factors that impact the development of colon cancers. For instance, some studies indicate that excessive smoking, alcohol, obesity or inflammatory bowel disease will increase the risk of colon cancer in a person.

Diagnosis for Colon Cancer:

In some cases, the diagnosis is provided for the patient after several months of understanding and treating the symptoms. However, in some cases, people will be able to receive surprise diagnosis after undergoing a routine colonoscopy. In most of the cases, analysis of a tissue sample will be taken for confirming the occurrence of cancer.

Causes of Colon Cancer:

There are basically fifteen causes for colon cancer. They are age, alcohol, diabetes, diet, environment, ethnicity, race, as well as social status, gender, family medical history, genetics, lack of exercise, inflammatory bowel disease or IBD, obesity, polyps, personal medical history, smoking. The causes and condition of the colon cancer can vary from one person to another. Therefore, if you suffer due to any of the colon caner symptoms, it is very important to undergo a thorough screening and ensure you are not affected.