What is Composting

When you have built a nice home with a pretty garden or a yard back behind your home, you would want to indulge yourself a bit. This happens when you decide to grow a nice garden with exotic flowers, herbs and other fine specimens. You may water the plants and also add some fertilizers and pesticides. But if your garden is still in a stunted state, you would have to add something extra to the soil. This addition is the addition of natural compost. Compost is the material which is created out of degradation of the waste materials and other disposable materials which have been discarded. But while this may seem quite simple, the process of composting is quite a methodical one. Let’s know more about what can you do to create a compost.

The compost is generally a sludge that remains as a residue of the biological degradation of the organic wastes. If you are planning to create a compost, you should consider what are the waste materials which you should use for composting. As I said, only the biodegradable or organic wastes can be eaten up and decomposed into a simple compost. So, think of accumulating all your discarded vegetable and fruit skins, stale bread, stale food, or other ruined organic substances which are about to be discarded. Do not include plastic or scrap metal as these cannot be decomposed by the organisms and other pests and worms. You should only include the substances which can be suitably decomposed by the organisms who would feed on the wastes.

Organic wastes will provide some nutrients like nitrogen and ammonia. These are active agents in the process of decomposition. There could also be some chemical agents like fertilizers or other compounds that can be used to enhance the entire bio-degradation process. The chemical substances should be rich in nitrogen as well as in other nutritious chemicals. It is equally important to note the quantity of heat and moisture that is supplied to the entire mix. It is generally preferred that the compost mix is subjected to a good amount of heat. At the same time, there should be some suitable quantity of moisture in the wastes as well. If you do such things carefully without messing it up, you would be ready for composting and making a good compost for your soil.

But factors like heat, moisture or even air are largely determined by the penultimate factor. This is the size of the compost bins or compost pits. The compost bins should be large or even spacious to hold all the wastes adequately. The large space of the compost bins will also allow a greater flow of fresh air in the mix. This will bring about the reactions which are also important for the bio-degradation of these wastes. At the same time, the pit should be suitably closed up so that much heat remains inside the pits. Heat is also quite essential for the decomposition to take place adequately. You should also let in a bit of moisture in the pit. This will also be good enough when you are making a good and healthy compost for your good old garden.

The compost is a healthy and beneficial residue of the degradation of biological and organic wastes and other discarded substances. It is quite simple, though methodical to make compost through the process of composting. The organic wastes have to be suitably dumped in a pit where they will be eventually decomposed into the compost. Also, factors like air, water and heat have to be considered.