What is Congestive Heart Failure

Congestive heart failure generally referred to as heart failure is conditions when the heart is unable to supply the blood flow to the body as much as it needs. In general people think that heart failure is when the heart stops beating or pumping. But that is not true. The heart works but the speed or the blood carrying capacity of the heart comes down. Due to this the oxygen needs of the body are not fulfilled and it can be dangerous to life.

Congestive heart failure mainly occurs when the fluid is congested in the lungs. When the heart is unable to carry the blood to the various parts of the body it gets accumulated in the veins. This fluid gets accumulated in the legs and the ankles which cause them to swell. The whole body holds up the fluid. This causes the oxygen and the food supply to the body to stop.

The main symptoms of congestive heart failure are many.
These are the physical symptoms.

  • One of the main symptoms is shortness of breath. The patient suffering from this will have a difficulty in breathing especially while lying down.
  • Another main symptom is swelling in the body, mainly in the legs and the ankles. This happens due to the excess fluid in the body.
  • This excess fluid can also cause weight gain.
  • Another main symptom is getting tired too soon. When the person exercises a little bit also he gets tired a lot.

The mental symptom is when the person is unable to think clearly and is in confusion.

Most of the causes of the congestive heart failure are related to the heart itself. There can be certain defect in the heart since birth. Otherwise the defect may have been caused by a previous heart attack the patient may have suffered. There could be a problem in the heart valve or the heart muscle or some infection in the muscle. The other reasons could be high blood pressure and blockage in the arteries.

An early detection of the ailment can make it easier to be cured. The doctor should be visited regularly and his instructions should be followed properly. Medicines can be taken and regular weight checks should be done to keep a track of the fluid intake. An increase in the fluid should be reported immediately.

A balanced diet should be followed. Less of salt and salty food should be taken. More of sugar can be included in the diet. Taking more rest is advisable to a person suffering from congestive heart failure symptoms. An early precaution should be taken and the risk should be reduced.