What is Cryosurgery
Cryosurgery is an extreme cold surgery and this icy coldness is applied to abnormal or diseased tissues. In early days, this surgery was basically use to treat skin diseases that affect the human organ system which is composed of skin, hair, nails, feathers. The organ system is also called integumentary system and it protects the body from damages.
The main uses of cryosurgery are:-
It can cure warts. Wart is a small, rough growth mostly on hands and feet and it is a solid blister. It is possible that warts can come from other person. We can treat moles through it. Moles are also called melanocytic nevas. It is a type of lesion. A lesion is any abnormal tissue which is damaged by any disease or trauma. A mole can be under the skin or a pigmented growth on the skin. Cryosurgery can be use to remove skin tag. It is a small beuign tumer which don’t spread from one organ to another. It is mostly found near neck, armpit. It can also occur on face. Solar keratosis is accompanied by solar damage. It is mostly found in fair-skinned person. It is a condition in which there are thick, scaly or crusty patches on skin. Solar keratosis can be cured by cryosurgery. Internal disorders like liver cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, cervical disorders can be treated with cryosurgery.
In cryosurgery we use the force of low temperature. At icy cold or at freezing temperature ice crystals tear the damaged tissues from inside.
Liquid nitrogen is used as a cooling solution in cryosurgery. This liquid which is very cool is sprayed on diseased tissue and a tube called cryoprobe is used for circulation of this liquid.
Some doctors even use carbon dioxide mixed with acetone to form a slush that can be applied to tissues.
Latest techniques make use of argon as a coolant factor. If we use argon for the formation of ice then we can reduce the complications. A mixture of dimethyl ether and propane is also used in this surgery. To prepare DME hydrocarbon from natural gas or coal are used. Then synthetic gas is prepared.
It is a surgery in which there is minimal or no break in our skin, minimal pain and cost. But one risk that is involved in it is that this surgery can damage to healthy tissues. Sometimes there is a risk of damage to our nerve tissue also.
After cryosurgery some pain is felt by patients which can be relief by use of aspirin, ibuprofen which are form of drugs to relief pain. Blisters also occur but they can be peel away within some days.