What is Dysgraphia
The disability faced by a student or a person in writing which makes the matter that is written distorted and illegible is known as Dysgraphia. It presents itself by in correct spellings, poor handwriting and difficulties faced in putting the thoughts on a piece of paper. Dysgraphia is a neurological disorder i.e. it is connected to the brain and the nervous system. Though people having this disability are considered weak, they are known to generally have IQ ratings much higher than those of the normal people.
The problem of Dysgraphia arises from the motor coordination and it causes language and spelling difficulties. It can be easily classified into 3 subtypes:
- Motor Dysgraphia
- Dyslexic Dysgraphia
- Spatial Dysgraphia
The first type, Motor Dysgraphia is basically attributed to the muscle tone and a deficiency of fine motor skills. Combined with poor dexterity & motor clumsiness, this type of Dysgraphia affects the formation of the letters and also writing text in paragraphs is highly difficult and it takes plenty of time to do so. Also it will take a long time to finish the same. Moreover, even a person copied work will be illegible. It also affects the finger tapping speed of a person.
Dyslexic Dysgraphia does not necessarily imply that a person will have Dyslexia too. Here though the finger tapping speed and copied work will be fairly acceptable, spellings are incorrect most of the time & handwriting too will be illegible.
Spatial Dysgraphia on the other hands leads to a failure in the understanding of the space left between two letters, words or even sentences & punctuation. Both the hand writing as well as copied work of people suffering from this type of Dysgraphia is illegible to a great extent. On the other hand, their finger tapping speeds as well as spelling motor skills are perfectly normal.
Here is some more information on the symptoms as well as the common signs of Dysgraphia:
Though the writing skills of a person who has Dysgraphia are poor, their verbal skills are excellent and they can express themselves very easily with the help of the spoken word.
Their writing is inconsistent and they face problems with the lower and upper case of alphabets. Moreover, their letters are of an irregular sizes & shapes and there is also an extra slant in the writing overall. They face great difficulty in understanding the spaces left between letters or words and
An interesting fact to know here would be that though the handwriting of people affected from Dysgraphia is poor, their drawing skills are excellent and they can easily express themselves with the help of the same.
Treatment for Dysgraphia has to be done on a case to case basis.
Sometimes, a patient would have to undergo a treatment for motor disorders simultaneously along with treatment for Dysgraphia. They may also need neurological and psychological treatments to help them improve their memory as well as motor skills and also to help them gain a better understanding of their problems and to learn how to cope with the same.