What is Fluoride
Fluoride is a naturally occurring chemical that is used mostly for protecting teeth against decay and also treating teeth that are affected by decay. Most tooth paste manufacturers use fluoride as their main ingredients in their products since it was noted that the chemical was responsible for a decrease in the number of cases revolving around teeth cavities and decays. This was despite an increase in the amount of sugar consumed in the study population. It was approved by the American Dental Association (ADA) in the 1950s.
Fluoride has the ability to strengthen the enamel part of the teeth which makes them more resistant to decay. Its ability to reduce the formation of acids caused by the interaction of sugar and plaque in the mouth also helps to reduce tooth decay. The elements contained in fluoride can also help repair the enamel should decay start to set in. However this is only possible if the decay is in the early stages. There are two was through which fluoride can be consumed. It can be applied directly on the teeth or taken orally.
Fluoride is a reduced form of fluorine as a result of bounding the compound with another element. However fluoride does not contain the same levels of toxins found in fluorine such as sarin but it does contain some life saving pharmaceuticals such as efavirez. The chemical can be synthesized or it can be extracted from naturally occurring sources such as foods and drinking water. Water from underground sources has been especially noted for having higher levels of fluoride.
Fluoride is supplied to the public through tapped drinking water in a specific concentration, normally one part of fluoride in a million parts of water. This is to prevent an fluoride levels building up in the body. But there are several other sources of fluoride but they should only be used after confirming with the relevant local authorities on the fluoride concentration in the local water. Taking in high amounts of fluoride has side effects such as browning of teeth and also detoriration of the bones.
Fluoride can lead to impairment of collagen in the body. Without this collagen, bones, muscles, tendons and the skin will lose its structure making them weak. This can lead to brittle bones in the affected person and in extreme cases the bone swill break when small amounts of stress are applied on them.
Another commercial use and perhaps the second largest use of fluoride are in the synthesis of hydrofluoric acid. This acid is synthesized from fluoride by treating fluoride minerals with sulphuric acid. This acid is preferred in the production of fluorocarbons and aluminum fluorides. One of the most notable uses of this cid is the ability to dissolve gases.