What Is Forensic Psychology

Forensic psychology is concerned with the thinking and behavioral pattern of a person while determining the lawful rights in the system of the legal justice. An expert forensic psychologist works and studies the minds of an aggrieved as well as the accused in a legal battle. 

Many courts and police departments appoint the forensic experts who have good experience, knowledge and practice in the field of Forensic psychology. These experts are usually required when there is a need to testify the sanity of the plaintiff or the defendant.

A forensic psychology involves the core role of a Forensic psychologist to find out whether the accused has committed any criminal act under the pretext of any mental disorder or with his or her own free will. After ascertaining the facts the psychologist will provide the testimony to the court in the trial which proves to be one of the most supportive documents to determine imprisonment for the accused. 

In case a person has committed any act under metal duress, anxiety or due any other mental disorder, he or she may be recommended to a medical institute for further rehabilitation process. This becomes necessary before the accused person is capable to interact normally with the general society and public. 

The entire process involved in a forensic psychology is: 

  • Applying theory of psychology into criminal investigation,
  • Understand the psychological problems of the accused people to determine their criminal behavior
  • Providing an appropriate treatment to the criminals
  • Implement treatment and rehabilitation programme
  • Making modifications in the offenders behavior
  • Implementing programme to reduce the level of stress of the prisoners as well as the staff
  • Offering an intensive research evidence so as to support the legal practice
  • Providing evidence to the court
  • Providing advice to the parole boards and tribunals of the mental health
  • Analyzing and understanding the crime as well as the criminals 

Learning forensic psychology makes a person gain a better understanding of the entire legal system. This helps psychologists to offer numerous options of treatment and recommendations at the time of sentence to the accused by the court.

A court may also call for a forensic psychologist to attend the investigation procedure and create a profile of the criminal act depending upon the evidence available on the records. 

A forensic psychologist is required to interact with judges, policemen, advocates and other professionals and assist them in ascertaining the reasons behind the criminal act of the accused. Forensic psychology is a field that is basically concerned only with the psychological aspects of the entire legal system. The term can also be correlated and termed as criminological or investigative psychology.