What is Heat Exhaustion

On the sunny days, a large amount of people suffers from the Heat exhaustion, which is usually a heat linked illness; mostly happen to appear in the very hot days of the month.  Actually, it occurs in the populaces, who have the large chances to expose to the hotness of the sun, they may include sports person, persons with work in the open areas etc. In the summer month, as the temperature increases, our body begin to maintain the normal temperature by secreting the sweat, by doing this it reduces the hotness of the body as if the sweat evaporates, it cools the body and therefore keeps track of the standard body temperature. But, for secreting the sweat, it needs lot of the fluid content in the body for replacing the lost quantity. When the scarcity for the water arises in the body, it results in the developing of the heat linked diseases normally includes heat Exhaustion, heat stroke, heat cramps. 

The important part of the brain known as hypothalamus has the hand over maintaining the temperature of the body.  Prolonged exposure to sun without compensating the necessary fluid requirement stalls the operation of hypothalamus and other parts of the body and leads to the heat exhaustion. It necessitates for instant care, otherwise it has the potentiality to switch over to some serious conditions like heat stroke, which might invite the dead.  


The symptoms that show the chances for presence of the Heat exhaustion in the human body can be listed as follows:

  • Nausea and discomfort
  • Dizziness
  • Pain in forehead
  • Pale and sticky skin
  • Vomiting
  • Pulse problems
  • Cramps in muscles
  • Fainting
  • Feeling weak and tired
  • High heart rate
  • Excessive thirst sensation
  • Fatigue

It can be pre-examined in the persons by analyzing their working environments and other surroundings. Sometimes, existence of most of the symptoms also directs for the chance of the heat exhaustion in humans. Not any need of the laboratory assistance for diagnosing the disorder, until if there arises any urgency for determining the salt level of the body.

Hunts for the heat exhaustion:

The large percentage for developing the heat exhaustion occurs in old age peoples as well as in children, and those who have already been affected by some other disorders like cardiovascular disorders, respiratory diseases and hypertension. Obesity is considered to be the risk factor for the disease.   Alcohol consumption also roots for heat linked diseases.


The treatment for the heat exhaustion usually begins with the drinking of the more water and allowing the affected person to stay in surrounding with free air circulation. For balancing the salt content in the body, the physicians may suggest for taking of some saline electrolyte solution.

Prevention measures to be followed:

  • Take care of the environment and remain in a cool place.
  • Take more water than normal during summer and avoid consumption of alcohol.
  • Work-outs should be done in cooler areas.
  • Consume more fluid in form juices.
  • Take bath in cool water.
  • Take care about clothing during sunny days.