What Is Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is an infectious disease which mainly affects the liver. Its existence was proven in the year 1989. Hepatitis refers to the inflammation in liver. It was known as non-A, non-B hepatitis previously. The infection and injury in the tissues causes red swelling. The cause of this disease is a virus, known as the HCV or the Hepatitis C Virus. As it is an infectious disease, the infection spreads in many ways including the transfusion of infected blood, use of infected needle, from mother to child or by having sex with an infected person. It can also be a result of exposure to chemicals, alcohol, and toxins, wrong or certain medicines.  However, it does not mean that you cannot shake hands with, stand next to or hug a person who has this infection.

There are not many visible symptoms of the disease. Sometimes, the patient may not see any symptoms for years. Out of all infected, the virus stays in the liver of around 85% people. However, if the infection is chronic, it can result in scarring of the liver. This may also eventually lead to cirrhosis. It can also later result into liver failure. The other serious complications that can be a result of serious infection include gastric varices, liver cancer or esophageal varices.

More than half of the people recover completely from the infection after proper treatment. If the problem becomes serious, it may require transplant of the liver. In addition, medicines can also have side-effects. Hepatitis C does not improve or the infection does not reduce automatically with time. In addition, liver is a vital organ in human body and it is not possible to survive if the liver is not working. Also, there is not artificial alternative for the liver. This makes it important to keep the liver in a good condition. Therefore, it is important to identify it in the initial stage so that one can cure it with proper medication.

Hepatitis does not show symptoms initially. Therefore, if one wants to know if he has hepatitis or not, one must go for a test that can help in identifying it. It is possible to detect it with the help of a blood test. The levels of antibodies in the blood can help in diagnosing HCV. It can also diagnose if you have any other type of hepatitis.  The symptoms of hepatitis C include feeling of fatigue, weakness, loss of weight, high fever, pain in the muscles, rash on the palms, loss of appetite, enlargement of breasts in men, appearance of spider-like blood vessels, and difficulty when blood clotting happens.