What is Herpes

Have you ever speculated what are those red spots on your lips or on your skin? They could be mouth ulcers or even blisters and patches. But look closely at them. They could also be signs and marks, which occur due to herpes. Herpes is also known as herpes simplex. It is a problem that erupts into blisters on the affected or infected part of the skin. Herpes is also a viral infection, as it is transmitted via the Herpes simplex virus and its two types. People may not suffer from any fatal problem when infected with the virus. The problem of herpes mainly takes its toll on the skin and surface of the specific spot of the viral infection.

Like most of the harassing and devastating health problems, the herpes simplex is not a single entity as a disease. It is something that does not affect a specific part of the body. There are some types of the herpes simplex like oral herpes or genital herpes. Moreover, the onset of herpes infection can also contribute to more viral disorders like herpetic whitlow, meningitis and others.

The most common type of herpes simplex is the oral herpes simplex. It is something that affects the skin on the face or the region near the mouth. The most distinct symptom is that red and sore blisters erupt on the face or near the mouth. The blisters will soon spread over the entire face or inside the mouth. As a result, the appearance of the person will change drastically for worse. At times, the viral infection may even make its way into the teeth and gums. This type of herpes is known as herpetic gingivostomatitis. It is more severe than the usual oral herpes simplex. It ends up in a deterioration of the dental condition of the mouth.

The next most common type of herpes simplex is known as genital herpes simplex. In this case, the same red sores and blisters will erupt on the surface of the person’s genitalia. The sores will be accompanied with inflammation or irritation. Any infection caused by the Herpes simplex virus can further lead to some severe problems like Bell’s Palsy which leads to a paralysis of the person’s face. Other effects of the HSV infection would include herpes simplex encephalitis. In this, the entire nervous system would be infected leading to mild but persistent mental disorders and problems for the affected individual.

Diagnosis of some of the blisters and sores on genitalia or the mouth is a bit tricky. The herpetic blisters on the mouth often appear to be sores caused by the common mouth ulcers. On the other hands, in most cases, the sores occurring on the surface of the genitals might appear to be like those of fungal infections in the particular region. Doctors have confirmed that direct skin-to-skin contact and unprotected sexual intercourse are the main factors responsible for the problems of most types of herpes simplex. However, in the midst of immunodeficiency problems like AIDS, the individual is more susceptible to such infections.

What Causes Herpes

Herpes is the disease that is caused by the viruses called Herpes Simplex Virus (type-1) and Herpes Simplex Virus (type-2).Those viruses belong to the Herpesviridae group. Herpes is also called as Herpes Simplex. Persons affected by the Herpes disease will have fluid filled sores or swell up around the mouth or genital region.

Types of Herpes and Symptoms:

1) Oral Herpes:

Oral Herpes is frequently caused by HSV (type-1). But, sometimes HSV (type-2) will also be responsible for it. In starting Patient will feel dryness and itching sensation. Within two days, viruses form the tiny group and cause the blisters and cold sores in mouth or lips. Fever, sore throat are also the symptoms of oral herpes.

2) Genital Herpes:

Genital Herpes is caused by the HSV (type-2). Person affected by Genital Herpes may have Itching sensation in the genital area, may have back pain, headache, flu symptoms or fever. Also blisters or cold sores occur in the genital area.

Sometimes both oral and genital herpes may occur without any symptoms.


Herpes is caused by the HSV-1, HSV-2 viruses. Generally, Herpes is a spreading disease. It can be spread from one person through another. Since, Oral herpes causes blisters in the mouth or lips, if any person drinks the water or any stuff ate by the herpes affected person, he may also get that disease. Oral herpes is also spread by kissing the herpes affected person, also if you are exposed to the saliva of the person, who is affected by herpes.

Genital herpes causes major hurt to person when comparing to the oral herpes. Person affected by the oral herpes may cure within a few days. But it is not possible in the case of genital herpes. Genital herpes spread in many ways. By touching the mouth, genital areas, HSV-2 viruses spread from one person to another. Oral Sex causes major harm as it may result in spreading the genital herpes through the mouth. If a person affected by oral herpes have sex with Genital herpes affected person, oral herpes will be transmitted to the genital herpes.

It is not the condition, that the person should have blisters or sores if he is affected by the herpes. If the HSV virus enters into a person’s body, it is said that he is affected by the Herpes disease. Only by undergoing various tests, we can able to confirm it. This virus can also spread to new born baby from a herpes infected mother during the normal delivery.


The Herpes disease cannot be cured but it can be prevented. However this disease doesn’t need treatment as the eruption of genital herpes will heal by itself. To cure the blisters and sores caused by the herpes you can take medications and can apply the creams suggested by the doctors.