What is Homophobia

I would be lying if I give you a proper definition of homophobia.  Ideally, this term covers a range of attitudes and viewpoints.  This is generally fear or hostility towards gay people. This term may also be used to point at social ideologies which point at stigmatizing homosexuality.  Some negative attitudes towards identity, relationships and communities can actually lead to the manifestation of homophobic behaviors.  This may be characterized by physical attacks, homophobic jokes, media representation and also discrimination at workplaces and schools as well.

In Latin America, homophobia can be closely linked to the machismo culture.  In 2005 at least a gay man was killed in the streets of Latin America.  There has however been a call on the government to protect the rights of lesbians and gays all over the globe. In the recent past, this seems to be taking much effect.  Today, there is no Latin American country that criminalized the act of same sex relationships and intimacy. These policies have really worked well in order to protect the rights of the gay not only in the Americas but also across the globe.

In India, things seem to be taking shape as well.   The government is taking keen measure in order to reduce the persecution of gays and lesbians.  For instance in July 2009, the law that criminalized homosexual behavior was abolished.  These rulings in Latin America and India are expected to spread the gospel to the rest of the world as well.  It is hoped that in the coming years, there will be a substantial change in the attitudes that people have against the gay community.

Even with these developments, there are still 80 countries in the world that still hold on to the belief that homosexuality is illegal and should not be let to spread freely and take up on the people.  For instance, in iran, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Mauritania, homosexuality is indeed punishable by death.

In the UK on the other hand, homosexuality has not been criminalized for many years now.  This has been enabled through the passing of the civil partnership act in the year 2004. However, homosexuals still face the pangs of homophobia in their day to day lives.

In Turkey, homosexuality is legal but according to the religious and traditional beliefs, this still remains a taboo. Human right activists have encouraged the locals not to discriminate against the gay community.

Why do people become homophobic?

  • There are many factors that can lead you to being homophobic.  The main factor is strong religion beliefs which disapprove of homosexuality.
  • If at all you do not have ant same-sex feelings you may also view it as being morally wrong
  • Some people are homophobic because they have no or little contact with the gay and lesbian community.

Most people are just homophobic because of hatred of the vice. This is because they fear something they actually do not know much about.  You cannot point at any one thing and state that it is the cause of homophobia in people. There are different attitudes that lead to people fearing or having a negative view about same sex relationships.