What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome is also referred to as spastic colon.  It is diagnosis of a condition that is characterized by abdominal pains, bloating, and discomfort. This is a disorder of a functional bowel.  Irritable bowel syndrome does not have a known cause.  Some of the symptoms are constipation and diarrhea.  You can actually diagnose Irritable bowel syndrome through the use of basic symptoms. Onset of Irritable bowel syndrome is usually in the patient’s prime and mainly people above fifty years.  Some of the causes of this condition are weight loss, colitis, hematochezia, or also may be inherited in family lines. Irritable bowel syndrome occurs mostly after infection, onset of maturity or due to a stressful event in life.

There is no one acclaimed cure for Irritable bowel syndrome. There are however some treatments which help in relieving the symptoms. These include adjustments in diets, medication, and psychological intervention.  Patient education and counseling are some of the approaches that are used to reduce the severity of this condition.

There are many conditions which present themselves as Irritable bowel syndrome. These include celiac disease, fructose mulabsorption, parasitic infection, inflammation of bowels, problems with bile acid absorption and chronic constipation.   Routine tests of Irritable bowel syndrome may help to reduce any dangers of abnormalities.  There is also no certain cause of Irritable bowel syndrome.  Many people see it as a disorder that affects the interaction of the brain with the gastrointestinal tract.

Classification of the condition

Irritable bowel syndrome is classified as diarrhea-predominant (IBS-D), alternate stool pattern (IBS-A) or constipation-predominant (IBS-C).  There may be an acute onset of Irritable bowel syndrome which may then develop as a result of an infectious illness.  The condition is characterized by vomiting, fever, and stool culture.

Signs and symptoms

Some of the primary symptoms of Irritable bowel syndrome include abdominal pains and discomfort with frequent cases of diarrhea.  This also involves changes in bowel habits. The patient would also experience bloating and feelings of incomplete bowel evacuation.  Bowel movements may act as relief to some of these symptoms.  People suffering from Irritable bowel syndrome have symptoms which relate to genitourinary system, headache and backaches.  Most of the people who suffer Irritable bowel syndrome have psychological disorders that are typically characterized by depression.


There is no particular known cause of Irritable bowel syndrome. Most of the causes discussed in journal evolve from symptomatic analysis.  The risks of Irritable bowel syndrome increase after gastrointestinal infections.  After infection, there are risk factors that may lead to the severity of the condition. These include prolonged fever, depression, anxiety and young age.


There is no particular imaging test that is applied in determining if one is suffering Irritable bowel syndrome. The diagnosis would normally exclude any conditions which produces symptoms related to Irritable bowel syndrome.  These symptoms are then characterized in order to determine what the patient is suffering from exactly. The diagnosis riles out any parasitic infections, intestinal bacteria overgrowth and lactose intolerance.  People older than 50 years are advised to undergo screening colonoscopy.