What is IUD
IUD stands for Intra Uterine Device. It is use for birth-control. It is a type of device which is in T-shape and it is placed inside the uterus to prevent pregnancy. Women can remove IUD whenever she wants, but she can keep it in for up to 12 years. Three types of IUD’s are available in United States: the paragard copper T380A; progestasert progesterone T; and the Milena IUD.
These IUD’s had made possible for the women to enjoy sexual spontaneity without getting worried about taking pills or getting pregnant.
In currently available IUD’s there is excessive menstruation, but with the use of Milena IUD there are shorter and lighter periods.
Two types of IUD’s are used one that are covered with copper, and the other which releases the hormone progesterone. The copper coated IUD prevents the fertilization of egg by the sperm but if the egg is fertilized then this IUD prevents the implantation of fertilized egg in uterus. The second types of IUD also work in similar manner but it prevents ovulation by stopping the sperm to enter into uterus.
The girls who can’t take pills, rings or patches them can use copper IUD for long-term birth control.
Sexually transmitted diseases cannot be protected by IUD’s so in that case we have to use condoms’ along with IUD.
Steps for inserting IUD in uterus are:-
Pre-testing is done then a physician will insert IUD. These tests include breast exam, STI check, and pregnancy test. If there is any problem then it is addressed before insertion. Insertion time is 10-15 minutes; it may be painful for some women. If during insertion a hole is poked in the uterus then IUD is removed. If due to hole IUD has got into the abdominal cavity then it is removed surgically.
The risks involved in use of IUD are:-
Menstrual cramps may increase. Bleeding may occur between periods. Periods may be heavier and last longer which can cause anemia.
IUD can fall out.