What Is Kbps

Kbps stands for Kilo Bits per second (that means thousands of bits per second). It is basically a measure of bandwidth which means 1000 bits per second. A bit is the smallest unit of data which means that it cannot be broken down into smaller units. A bit is either on or off i.e. it can be either 0 or 1. ‘Kilo Bits per second’ or Kbps represents the rate of data transaction in a network. The computer is designed in such a way that it assess only binary data i.e. in the form of 0s and 1s and if some other input is there, it first converts it into binary data and then executes the input. Whole computer architecture is dependent upon these two digits i.e. the binary data (or system). On the basis of the combination of string and character, the computer recognizes the strings and characters. Each string of 8 bits is called a byte or 1 byte = 8 bits and 1 kilo byte is equal to 1024 bytes and 1024 kilo bytes make 1 Megabyte and so on.

The rate of data transfer is measured in Kbps. Thus Kbps is a measure of bandwidth (bandwidth is the amount of data flown in a given time interval) on a data transmission medium. If the bandwidths are high then these are expressed in megabits per second (Mbps) or can also be represented in gigabits per second (Gbps).

The term KBps is totally different from the term Kbps. ‘b’ stands for bits while ‘B’ in the term KBps stands for Bytes which means that 1 KBps is equal to 8 Kbps (because to convert from bytes to bits, multiply by 8).

For example – Most contemporary modems operate at 56k (approximately 56,000 bits per second) as their speed. Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Internet access is available to consumers which usually operate between 128 Kbps and 3 Mbps (approximately 3,000 Kbps). Broadband speeds for residential uses are often in the megabit range and the Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and many of the commercial entities have Internet network connectivity in gigabits per second or even in terabits per second ranges.

Hence the data transfer rates are typically measured in bits per second, while data storage capacity is usually measured in bytes per second.