What is LDL Cholesterol
LDL is low-density lipoprotein which is defined as bad cholesterol. It gives rise to many heart diseases. You must not have high cholesterol in order to prevent from heart diseases. The people who have high cholesterol are at more risk of getting a heart stroke than the people who have normal cholesterol. Your LDL cholesterol level should be below 160 mg/dL. If you have a family history of diabetes and heart diseases, then you must take extra care of this thing that your cholesterol should not exceed this limit. It is easy to control cholesterol. If you have good cholesterol, then it is called as HDL cholesterol i.e. High – Density Cholesterol.
Cholesterol does not dissolve in blood. So it is transported with the help of transport protein wherever it is needed. You have high or normal cholesterol; you can know it by having a blood test. If you have high cholesterol, then it can block the arteries that supplies blood to the heart and the brain causing severe problems and diseases. So it is very important to control cholesterol. Some of the cholesterol is produced by the diet which we consume and some of it is produced by the liver. We do not have any control on the cholesterol produced by the liver, but we can control the cholesterol that is being produced by the diet intake by limiting our diet. To control cholesterol, you should:
- You should lose some weight if you are heavy weight. If you have high BMI (Body Mass Index) then you are at a higher risk of heart diseases.
- You should take diet which is low in saturated fat. It is very helpful in lowering the cholesterol if you have high cholesterol.
- Take healthy and nutritious diet.
- You should exercise daily in order to keep your body fit. Exercises like jogging, jumping, running etc are very helpful in weight loss and lowering your cholesterol levels too.
- If you drink alcohol or smoke, then you should quit this habit. These things play a vital role in raising your cholesterol levels. So in order to prevent from cardiovascular diseases, you have to avoid these things.
- Food which has high fiber should be taken as this food is easily soluble and helps in lowering your LDL cholesterol.
- Walnuts, almonds, peanuts etc are very helpful in keeping your cholesterol levels normal as these are rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids.
if you have very high cholesterol, then you should consult a good physician as soon as possible as it can be dangerous for your heart. If you are diabetic, then you should regularly go for a blood test to know the exact cholesterol levels. No doubt, you can prevent from high LDL cholesterol levels, but if for some reason it is high, then better to consult a doctor and take medication to lower it down to normal levels.