What Is Loratadine
Loratadine is a second generation antihistamine drug used for curing allergies. It is closely related to tricyclic antidepressants. FDA gave it a nod in 1993. It went off patent afterwards and then immediately got the approval to be sold as over the counter drug. Soon, insurers stopped paying for it and desloratadine was promoted to be used to assure insurance coverage.
Loratadine provides relief from hay fever and skin allergies. It provides relief to burning and itchy eyes also. It also treats mild to moderate headaches. This is available as tablets, oral suspension and liquid syrup. It is also available as quick dissolving tablet but it requires early usage as it may get decomposed on keeping for long.
Loratadine can be used by patients with renal complications. It supports breastfeeding also. Adverse effects include dry mouth, dryness of nose, urinary retention and blurred vision. GIT (gastrointestinal tract) may also get affected.
This drug is administered orally and is absorbed well in GIT. It is almost bound to plasma proteins. Its effect lasts for about 2-3 hrs. Though it does not put you to sleep still skilled jobs should be avoided after its intake.
Since it is an antihistamine, its use should be stopped 48 hrs before taking any skin allergy test else it may interfere with the test results. It is also advisable to inform doctor regarding your medical state if you have allergies to foods and medicines before you get treated with this drug. Its use should be avoided when suffering from renal and hepatic complications.
Loratadine can be taken with or without food. If the dose is missed, it should be taken immediately but 2 doses should not be taken at once. It is not fit for the children less than six years old. If severe allergic reactions occur due to its intake, doctor should be called immediately. These reactions include swelling of some parts of the body like face, lips and tongue. Extreme dizziness is also a dangerous indicator.
Loratadine should be stored at room temperature. It should not be kept in hot and humid environment. It should be kept out of reach of children and pets.
Its main use lies in curing itchy nose and burning eyes which is the result of either allergy or common cold. Claritin and Alavert are the brand names of this drug. Claritin tablets include inactive ingredients like gelatin, mannitol, mint flavor and citric acid. Corn starch, lactose and magnesium stearate are other common ingredients.
If over-the-counter tablets of Loratadine are being used then it is advisable to read instructions fully. Dosage is based on age and response to treatment. Chewable tablets should be chewed well and swallowed. If taken on prescription doses should be completed without any skipping.