What is Malaria

Malaria is caused by the bites of mosquitoes.  Usually, malaria is caused, due to transmission of malaria parasite called plasmodium, into red blood cells.  The female mosquitoes are infective, known as anopheles mosquitoes, most of the time they infect meals, or bite human beings.  In special cases, these parasites are transmitted through blood transfusion, organ transplant or infected needle or syringes.  It may also be transmitted from mother to her unborn infant before or during delivery.

Symptoms

When a patient develop the signs of fever and flu-like illness, shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea may likely to suffer from malaria.  The patient suffering from malaria can also get through, anemia and jaundice, since the malaria parasite directly attacks the liver and restricts the growth red blood cells.  It is very important to know that the symptoms of malaria cannot be noticed immediately after infection, but the symptoms persist after ten to fifteen days of the infection.  This disease should never be taken as with negligence, since it can pace up towards the life threatening by disrupting the blood supply to vital organs.  You need to make a note here, that if anybody suffers from plasmodium falciparum, then the situation can really become chronic.  It can cause the kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.

Be careful –Malaria can relapse

In the regular cases, the symptoms begins during the period of ten days and four weeks after infection.  Nevertheless, patient might feel ill as early as seven days and last until the year.  Malaria is divided into two different categories.  In p. vivax and p.ovale infections are relapsing malaria.  The parasites remain dormant in liver, up to four years.  When this parasite, comes out of the hibernating state they start invading red blood cells and a person sick.

Two types of malaria- complicated and uncomplicated

When we talk of uncomplicated malaria, the parasite attack lasts 6-10 hours.  The patients are likely to develop sensation of cold, shivering, fever headaches, vomiting, seizures, sweats, return to normal temperature, tiredness.  At times, the places where the case of malaria is frequent, patients are diagnosed with physical findings such as, elevated temperature, perspiration, weakness, enlarged spleen.  In the case of enlarged p.falciparum malaria, there is a symptom of mild jaundice, enlargement of liver, increased respiratory rate.

Severe malaria is fatal.  It can cause multiple organ failure, or abnormalities in the patient’s blood or metabolism.  The several manifestations that can be severe with patients are cerebral malaria, with abnormal behavior, impairment of consciousness, seizures, coma, or other neurologic abnormalities.  It can also cause severe anemia due to hemolytic (destruction of red blood cells).  The patient may also get blood in urine, called as hemoglubinuria (hemoglobin in urine) or Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), abnormalities in blood coagulation and thromobocytopenia, cardiovascular collapse and shock.  Other manifestation includes acute kidney failure, hyperparasitemia, metabolic acidosis, and hypoglycemia.

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