What is Manic Depression

Depression and frequent mood swings are denoted as a severe psychological disorder commonly known as manic depression. History of manic depression is vast and according to historians, manic depression is a primitive disorder. In many mythologies, this disorder has been described as a spell used by witches to bewitch humans in order to spread insanity. Manic depression is a historical psychological disorder where a person experiences repeated mood swings and depression. Patients also demonstrate events such as uncontrolled frenzy for at least one or more times. Generally, manic depression patient’s are mentally unstable and the tendency to commit suicide is much higher compared to a stable human.

Manic depression is also known as Bipolar disorder and around 20 to 30 million people around the globe have manic depression. It is one of the leading causes of disability and death. Manic depression is of two types, Manic depression I and II, which has been differentiated on the extent of depression. The extent of Manic Depression I is not very high and it can be controlled. However, people with Manic Depression have irrational mood swings such as mania. Such patients possesses tendency of killing themseleves or anyoneand can demonstrate any act of extreme violence. Causes Emotional struggle and stress have been described as a major cause of Manic depression.

Psychological pressure such as sexual harassment and social harassment are chief causes. In the early 50s, doctors and psychiatrists were researching whether genetics play a role in Manic depression. It was concluded that this disorder is not inherited directly from parents but it is result of complex genetic coding. Manic depression and Schizophrenia showcase same genetic pattern. SymptomsMajor signs of manic depression are mood swings, irritation, insomnia, and repeated change in manner and taste. In manic depression, patients think they can do anything, they speak to themselves, and can become violent anytime. Unusual behavior and frequent change in thoughts are preliminary signs of manic depression. Treatment and PreventionDoctors and psychiatrists are still working on the perfect remedy to prevent manic depression.

However, psychiatrists have accepted the fact that a stable environment like that of a stable family can prevent manic depression in children. Manic depression can be treated but cannot be prevented in adults. It is treated with mood stabilizing therapies and medications. Valporic acid, lithium, and lamotrigine are frequently given to manic depression patients. Cognitive Therapy is immensely used to treat Manic depression I patients and is the most successful treatment for this disorder. At present, manic depression is incurable and doctors have accepted it. It is impossible to treat a Manic Depression II patient and such patients future lie in mental asylum.

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