What Is Marxism
This is a social and economic system that is based on theories that were developed by Friedrich Engels and Karl Marx. As you may observe, the name originated from one of the names of the pioneers of this type of social and economic system. The theory behind this system is based on the fact that human classification struggles is what forms the central part of the social status of a person, especially in the Western societies. Marxism is actually an ánti-thesis’ of the capitalistic kind of life. It began by analysing the materialistic issues that affected the human society and how production affected the social status of the various people in society. In this way, it concluded that various people involved in production of resources in society had various struggles facing them and the profits they gained was not equally shared along the chain of production of those resources.
In Marxism, the definition of a class is given by how the members relate when it comes to production of resources for the society. This was the definition given by Karl Marx himself. He believed that history was made by the various wars, uprisings and struggles between people of various classes. He was a big critic of the capitalistic kind of system where there was an employer and a worker. His claims were that capitalists overworked their employers and paid them a wage that was much less than the production and labour they provided. In addition to that, the capitalists would sell the produce at rate that is not proportional to the value of work put into it i.e. at a much higher rate, hence making great profits. His general view of the capitalistic system was that of oppression of the proletariat.
From the above, Marx led a revolution where the each had to be treated equally. He was one of the people who procured the socialist slogan which stated: From each according to his ability, to each according to his work. Karl Marx was a strong critic of the dictatorship state and was instrumental in starting Marxism where everyone was someone i.e. equality among all classes of people.
Apart from social and economic matters, Marxism also had its own theories about religion. This is because the religion of the capitalists seemed to reign and Karl Marx and his followers wanted to shun away totally from the capitalistic kind of religion. Marxism purports religion to be ‘the sigh of the oppressed creature, the feeling of a heartless world, and the soul of soulless circumstances.’
Marxism brought about the proletariat revolution, who where most people who followed Marxism were those who were oppressed by the capitalistic systems and had wanted a change in their way of life.