What is Mbps

Mbps stands for Mega Bits per second (means millions of bits per second). It is used to state the number of bits of data that can flow through a network connection or can be used to represent the bandwidth (bandwidth means total amount of data flow over a given time period) of a network connection on a telecommunication medium. It states the number of bits of data that can flow through a network connection.

The term Mbps and MBps, both have different meanings. ‘b’ in the term Mbps stands for bits and the whole term stands for mega Bits per second while ‘B’ in the term Mbps stands for Bytes and the whole term stands for mega Bytes per second which denotes the number of bytes of data that a connection can transfer per second.

It depends on the medium and the transmission method, that in which unit bandwidth should be measured. Considering these medium and transmission methods, bandwidth can be measured in the Kbps (thousands of bits or kilobits per second) range or the Gbps (billions of bits or gigabits per second) range also.

The main function of Mbps is to determine how fast or slowly data is being moved from one location to another, i.e., between networked computers. Since 1 Mbps = 1000 bits per second, a bit is represented in only binary digits i.e. either a 1 or a 0. Most often, the data transfer rates over the Internet are measured in Mbps only while the local data transfer rates are measured in MBps i.e. Megabytes per second. 1 MBps = 8 Mbps. The representation of ‘b’ is very important and is always to be considered as it has different meaning in both the terms.

Thus a megabit uses two different values that change depending on the term that is going to be defined. It is used as a way of describing the storage of data in megabit or MB (which is equal to 1024 KB). When MB is used in describing the speed of data transfer, then one MB is equivalent of 1,000,000 bits. In networking technologies, mbps is usually used. These networking technologies include services such as power line networks, phone line networks, commercial networks like the internet and wireless networks. DSL (Digital Subscription Line) service companies also state their speeds in mbps.

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