What is Myopia
Whenever, anybody fails to see things that are kept at distance, or it appears blurred to them, then the patient might be suffering from the myopia. Myopia is also known as the nearsightedness, is a refractive error, where, eyes do not bend the refractive light that needs to be focused at a single point to view images clearly. The patients suffering from myopia can see the things kept as nearby places, but the vision becomes blurred by the increment of the distance.
The ophthalmologist suggests that the symptoms of myopia are discovered in the children under the age group of eight to twelve years. Most of the time this is a low myopia, where they vision is easily corrected with the glasses, contact lenses, and refractive surgery.
Nevertheless, the adults who fall under the age group between twenty and forty can also witness the problem of myopic health issues. If the problem is acute then it needs to be diagnosed well. The patients with higher myopia has higher risk of developing a detatched retina. If anyone who fall under the category of the risk, then they need to diagnose and consult the ophthalmologist at the regular basis. In the matter of early diagnosis, you can opt for surgical procedure, to resolve the ailment.
The patients suffering from the myopia has greater risk of glaucoma and cataract. The sign and symptoms that continuously persists in the myopic patients regular eye strain, headache, squinting to see things at distant, for instance the blackboard or signboards.
Any eye doctor can diagnose myopia. It is a part of comprehensive eye examination, with few standard tests, such as the test held though the retinoscope, where by the special shining light, it checked whether the light refracts well or not. The doctor also uses the phoropter, an ophthalmic instrument and measures amount of refractive, and henceforth give the proper spectacles to the patients. Most of the time patient are made to read the chart that it fixed at the end of the room. If the resolution is good, and you can read well, then no problem, but the vision is hazy and blurred you are expected to be myopic.
There is no such way, where you can myopia can be corrected with hundred percent results. The patient suffering from myopia, needs special living style, and must have a discussion on the pros and cons. However, the most common of correcting myopia are eye glasses and contact lens. They simply work on the refractive error of the eyesight. It also protects the eye sight from the U Vrays.
Surprisingly with the advent of technology in the field of medical sciences, there is refractive surgery that has evolved to make free from the burden of the spectacles. Through these surgical procedures the cornea is reshaped that effectively adjust the focusing ability of eye.
The other new of correcting myopia is orthokeratology. It uses the hard contact lenses, which gradually flattens over the cornea, and reduce the refractive error. This is a permanent solution, which relieve patients from those of irritating eye spectacles and lenses.