What Is Negative Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is a mental illness with a global presence that can affect individuals of any age, gender and race. The most common symptoms of schizophrenia include hallucinations, disturbed though process, delusions, unexplained behavioral changes, uncoordinated bodily movements and slurred or disorganized speech. These are regarded as common schizophrenia symptoms. Apart from these, some symptoms are labeled as negative symptoms of schizophrenia. When these symptoms are established in a patient, he/she is diagnosed to be suffering from Negative Schizophrenia.
Negative Schizophrenia refers to a state of highly diminished cognitive functions. It seems as if the patient is chronically depressed, unable maintain attention towards an activity. The patient seems to lack interest in the most basic of daily routine activities. There is a marked reduction in emotional expression along with a visible lack of self-interest of motivation. As a result, the most common of initial Negative Schizophrenia symptoms include the inability to maintain a basic degree of personal hygiene along with the inability to emote.
The most difficult part of treating Negative Schizophrenia is diagnosing it. For starters, these symptoms are more indicative of a psychological condition like depression rather than schizophrenia. This raises the chances of misdiagnosing the patient. Secondly, the medications used for treating Negative Schizophrenia might include the most common of schizophrenia drugs along with treatment methods borrowed from psychiatric treatment, including counseling and medications. Finding the correct permutation in which such therapies and medicines work is essentially a process of trial and error where the medical practitioner continuously needs to monitor the progress of the patient.
Negative Schizophrenia or schizophrenia with negative symptoms has gained this slightly confusing nomenclature because these symptoms collectively reflect lack of certain, common traits. Patients of Negative Schizophrenia suffer from lack of excitement or expressiveness even in the most disturbing or happiest of occasions. Negative Schizophrenia is epitomized by the blank faces of patients and monosyllabic speech that is often accompanied by very few gestures.
It is postulated that at least 25% of schizophrenic individuals suffer from some form of Negative Schizophrenia at some point, i.e. they have emotionless phases but a schizophrenic is said to be suffering from Negative Schizophrenia when these symptoms are sustained over a period. This condition is often referred to as the Deficit Syndrome.
There is a critical difference between positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Patients having positive symptoms like hallucinations or clearly visible uncoordinated body movements are most likely to be provided treatment during the early stage of schizophrenia. However, in cases of Negative Schizophrenia, the diagnosis can be extremely delayed as the deficit of emotions can be easily interpreted as strange behavior, an act of resentment, enactment of suppressed emotions or some form of depression.
Positive symptoms prevent a window of hope where using regular management at home and with healthcare practitioners and use of antipsychotic drugs, symptoms can be controlled to the extent of making the patient employable. On the contrary, negative symptoms can make it very difficult to hold professional roles or live amicably with family members. Often interpreted as just a lack of willingness to do things, Negative Schizophrenia is among the most challenging of schizophrenias to diagnose and manage.