What is Neuropathy

Neuropathy is a disease of nerves system. The three most common types of neuropathy in people are autonomic neuropathy, mononeuropathy neuropathy and peripheral neuropathy. It can be the outcome of infections, traumatic injuries, metabolic disorders, and prolonged exposure to toxins. Neuropathy can influence nerves which control muscle movement and those that identify feelings such as pain or coldness. In some unusual cases, autonomic neuropathy can affect internal organs such as the blood vessels, bladder, heart or intestines.

One will often sense tingling or burning sensation, if suffering from neuropathy. There is no time frame for the pain to last; it depends from patient to patient. Well the pain can subside if the cause of the neuropathy is cured. Many times poor nutrition, trauma or pressure and a number of diseases can cause neuropathy. In several cases there is no real evidence of a cause of this condition which is called as idiopathic neuropathy. Mononeuropathy is the involvement of a single nerve which may include disorders such as carpel tunnel syndrome, personal nerve palsy and radial nerve palsy. Multiple mononeuropathy is when two or more nerves get independently affected. Polyneuropathy is general involvement of peripheral nerve. This may include diabetic neuropathy.

The most widespread form of neuropathy is peripheral polyneuropathy which primarily affects the legs and feet on both ends of the body. Around 30% of neuropathy condition is categorized as idiopathic where the patient doesn’t know of the cause. About 30% cases of neuropathy are diabetic patients. There are several other reasons for neuropathy which may include trauma on nerves, nutritional and vitamin insufficiency such as deficiency of vitamin B, Guillain-Barre syndrome, lupus, tremors which damage nerves, kidney diseases, liver diseases, prolonged exposure to poison or toxic materials and hypothyroidism.

Patients of diabetes who don’t control their blood sugar levels are most likely to contract some form of neuropathy. Some of the symptoms of neuropathy are cramps, muscle weakness, heavy legs, loss of balance, numbness, burning pain, abnormal blood pressure, and inability in perspiring, constipation and unstable heart rate. Neuropathy is quite harder to diagnose. With the number of symptoms there can be various causes. Blood test followed by muscle strength test and many more such tests are used to diagnose neuropathy. Regular Checks of B12 levels of in the patient. Thyroid test as well as nerve biopsy should also be done.

Neuropathy has many treatments available ranging from creams to pills and different therapies which help in stimulating the nerve system. Antidepressants such as tricylics are preferred for the progress in the condition of the patient. opioids can used to drastically reduce pain. There are ways by which one can never get neuropathy such as for diabetic’s patient a good foot can reduce chances of neuropathy. Control of blood sugar level in case of diabetics. Prolonged pressure on knees and elbows should be avoided. By following some simple ways one can never contract neuropathy.

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