What is Osteoarthritis
Arthritis is a universal phrase which means irritation or swelling in the joints. Osteoarthritis is also a joint disorder and a type of arthritis. This disease is related with a cessation of cartilage in joint and can happen in nearly any joint of the body. Osteoarthritis is usually happened in the joints with weight bearing in the knees, hips, and backbone. This disease can affect the thumb, fingers, neck, and the big toe. Osteoarthritis is also known as OA, and it does not affect the other joints except prior injury or extreme pressure or strain is involved.
Cartilage is a hard stuff which wraps the end area of the bones in standard joints. The main function of cartilage is to decrease friction or resistance in the joints and operate the area as a shock absorber. This function of usual cartilage appears from its capability to alter the shape when compacted.
Osteoarthritis wreaks the cartilage in the joint to turn into hard and lose stretch, making it extra vulnerable to injury. Eventually, the cartilage might carry away in few parts, deeply lessening its potential to behave like a shock absorber. Once the cartilage gets to worsen muscles, and tendons stretch and cause the pain. In worst condition, the bones may rub and touch each other.
Approximately, 21 million people are affected with osteoarthritis in America. However, the disease can increase with age. Maximum people over the age of 60 are affecting with osteoarthritis, but their seriousness varies. Not only old but young people with age group 20 to 30 can also get affected with this disease. Above 50 men and women both can get this disease.
Symptoms of Osteoarthritis:
The osteoarthritis symptoms gradually develop and include joint pain and soreness, pain after overuse of joint, bony enlargement, joint puffiness and joint liquid increment.
Causes of Osteoarthritis:
Several factors are there, which increase osteoarthritis in a person such as heredity, obesity, injury and joint overuse. Few people have a hereditary fault in one of the genetic materials accountable for creating cartilage. This grounds faulty cartilage that leads to additional quick corrosion of joints. Those people who born with joint defects are expected more to enlarge osteoarthritis disease. Though, such people who born with abnormality of the spine are expected more to develop osteoarthritis of the backbone. Extra fat or obesity augments the possibilities for osteoarthritis of the hip and knee. Holding perfect weight or reducing the weight could help the person to prevent osteoarthritis of the hip and knee.
Injuries or damage also becomes a factor of the growth of osteoarthritis like athletes or sports people who have injury related to knee could be at superior danger of osteoarthritis disease. Those people who get an acute back injury could also get the osteoarthritis disease for their backbone.