What is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease is also known as an infection of the reproductive organs in a female. The infection can be of uterus, ovaries or the fallopian tubes.

Generally, the cervix (vaginal opening) does not allow any bacteria to enter through the vagina or spread into the reproductive organs of a female. However, females who are more prone to sexually transmitted diseases or infections like gonorrhea or Chlamydia can easily get infected with a Pelvic inflammatory disease.

In the extreme cases when the infected or inflamed organs are not treated in time, these organs can get completely damaged and even cause a direct threat to the life of women.

There are varied symptoms of a Pelvic inflammatory disease like :

  • Tenderness accompanied with pain in the lower region of abdomen or Pelvic area.
  • Yellowish or greenish vaginal discharge with an unpleasant smell.
  • Irregularity in the menstrual periods in the form of delayed or prolonged periods, blood spotting, heavy bleeding and cramps.
  • Periods accompanied with high fever, vomiting, chills, diarrhea and nausea.
  • Pain experienced during sexual intercourse.
  • Frequent complaints of Lower back pain and headaches.
  • Swelling in and around the Pelvic  region.

A woman who feels that she is more exposed to a sexually transmitted disease must not spare any time to immediately consult her doctor and get herself examined so as to rule out the possibility of getting inflicted with any Pelvic inflammatory disease. Any waiting period can further lead to a substantial spread of the infection and also cause extreme damage to the internal organs.

A woman can also get infected with a PID if the bacteria enter the internal organs at the time of taking swabs or samples from the inner womb for laboratory testing during labor birth, miscarriage, or an abortion. Rarely, a cervix that is treated for an improper procedure of intrauterine device (IUD) insertion or Pap smear test can also cause bacteria to enter and infect the internal organs.

Some of the most common factors of a PID are being sexually active, having multiple sex partners, indulging in unsafe sex, remaining unhygienic and regular habit of douching.

Pregnant women and females below the age of 18 years are usually recommended to get immediately hospitalized for a medical treatment especially when they are infected with a PID or human immunodeficiency virus.

In general a PID can be easily cured by taking prescribed antibiotics on regular basis. However, any delay in the treatment can cause further severe damage to the infected parts and also possibly spread on the infection to other internal organs too.

In the extreme cases, a surgery may also be required to remove the infected internal organ or organs to prevent the spread of infection to other reproductive parts.