What is Perimenopause

Until a few years ago, doctors believed that women undergo a normal transition from having regular periods to a complete stop to the menstrual cycles. Most of the women did undergo this transition successfully without any incident but many faced problems during the phase of transition. Off late, doctors have even realized that these difficulties during the transition phase can even lead to serious physical and mental health problems for the women. This transition phase was then given a name as Perimenopause. Doctors and medical experts even found out ways to determine the number of women it hit on an annual basis.

The primary reason as to why doctors ignored Perimenopause until now was because of the Pre-menstrual syndrome or the PMS; another phenomenon related to women. Both Perimenopause and PMS are known to have similar. This lead to a lot of confusion and chaos as doctors misunderstood the symptoms of Perimenopause for those of PMS. Also, PMS symptoms are known to pass after a maximum of seven to eight days at the most. This led to doctors paying little attention to complaints made by women.

The symptoms that are common between Perimenopause & PMs are anxiety, anger, bloating of the body, body aches, irritability, loss of libido and even mood swings. Doctors did not pay much attention to these symptoms earlier, especially if the female patient admits to having to face PMS every month since the start of her menstrual cycle when she attains puberty.

It was only when Perimenopause symptoms like hot flashes, crashing fatigues, insomnia and night sweats which ar evidently different from those of PMS came to light that doctors understood the existence of a problem called Perimenopause. Let us now try to understand why both PMS and Perimenopause occur in the first place.

The main reason for both these problems is am hormonal imbalance and fluctuation. Doctors and people used to presume that it is only the sex related hormones that exhibit an imbalance. What people did not know was that even the stress related hormones and also the blood sugar levels tend to fluctuate during Perimenopause. During PMs this fluctuation is natural and it occurs to create space for housing a baby in case of pregnancy or for the passage of blood.  Whereas during Perimenopause, these fluctuation occur as the reproductive systems of the body are not functioning as efficiently and as properly as they used to.

The glaring difference between PMS and Perimenopause iis the duration for which the symptoms persist. During Perimenopause the symptoms only last for a week or so but during a Perimenopause however, one or two of the symptoms are known to be persistent all the time. This is why, doctors have now started asking women who are above the age of thirty five years to start taking proper care of them self and also told to not overlook or ignore any of the Perimenopause symptoms. Proper precautions and timely medication can help cure the worst of symptoms and help them live a healthy life.

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