What is Periodontal Disease

An infection of the gum, the tissues and the bones around the teeth that support it is called a periodontal disease. It is mainly caused by the debris of the food particles that remain in the mouth after we have eaten something. These debris or food particles are commonly referred to as plaque. The bacteria which present in the mouth will obtain nutrition from this plaque and causes periodontal disease. One can prevent this disease by regular flossing, brushing of the teeth and getting themselves checked by the dentist at regular intervals. Regular checkups are highly recommended if one notices an inflammation of the gums or any infection around them.

Scientists recently carried out research and they suggest that there exists a strange but definite link between certain other diseases that affect the body and the periodontal disease. And this link is present between diseases as serious as a cardiac arrest and other heart ailments, strokes, digestion problems and even diabetes. Studies have even shown that there it leads to problems in women during pregnancy too!

As such this periodontal disease can prove to be a serious threat to our life and there is also logical reasoning behind the same. The bacteria that have multiplied due to the disease can easily enter the human blood stream through the mouth and will easily mix with the platelets which are the cells that cause clotting of the blood and this will ultimately stop the formation of blood clots and cause severe problems.

Thus there is a logical link between periodontal disease and heart problems. Also, another study by medical experts has pointed out that the deposits of fats in the carotid arteries and lead to a person to get a stroke. Also, if there is an inflammation of gums the reason for the same is highly attributed to the bacteria deposits in the different areas of the mouth. Studies have shown that the level of these deposits can be as high as forty five percent!

Periodontal disease can also cause ulcers in the stomach due to certain infections in the lining of the intestines. Some of the bacteria accumulated in the mouth at the time when a person has been infected with the periodontal disease can cause many gastric ulcers and lead to stomach infections. The chances of stomach infections are especially high during and after a person suffers from the periodontal disease because we are continuously ingesting food and water from the mouth. This provides an easy passage to the bacteria from the mouth to the stomach.