What is Peripheral Neuropathy

Peripheral Neuropathy may be caused either by diseases or due to side effects of some other systematic illness.  The most important cardinal patterns of peripheral neuropathy are mononeuropathy, polyneuropathy, mononeuritis, multiplex and autonomic neuropathy.  Mostly people suffer from polyneuropathy in which it will affect the legs and feet of the patients.  This may be either by cause or predominant fiber involvement.  Patients suffer with peripheral neuropathy will have numbness for their limbs, unusual sensations, burning pain or weakness problem.

There are many causes for this peripheral neuropathy including diabetes mellitus, vitamin deficiency and particularly to say the deficiency of B12 and folate, Alcohol addiction, shingles which means post herpetic neuralgia, autoimmune diseases like lupus, arthritis, treatment for kidney failure, syphilis, aids, inherited disorders and many more regions.  Some extra dose of drugs also may cause this syndrome.

Of all the causes, post herpetic neuralgia and diabetes are the most common causes of peripheral neuropathy.  Sometimes, without any cause also, this may seem in some patients.  Even the reason for their effect cannot be predicted at any cost.  At that time, such syndrome is referred as idiopathic peripheral neuropathy.   At sometimes, peripheral nerve entrapments are considered as peripheral neuropathy.  Pressure on the nerve rather than a disease states that the nerve is malfunctioning.

There are many treatments available today for this problem.  The first thing you should examine before treatment is the cause of the disease.  After that, any vitamin deficiencies must be corrected.  Diabetes patients should control their diabetes levels so that some change can be seen.  Early detection of diabetes will not lead to peripheral neuropathy.  You can be out of that danger.  Hence after reaching the age of 35 years, regular checkup of blood sugar and urine sugar levels shall be diagnosed.  Prompt treatment with injections may minimize the chances of diabetes problem.

The pain of peripheral neuropathy can be controlled with some medications.  The simplest treatment is with aspirin or ibuprofen which is generally pain killers.  Anti depressants shall be used as they may psychologically struggle for their illness.  Anti seizure medications shall be used to prevent the pain of neuropathy.  In these days, capsaicin is being used for pain relief.  The chemical in chilli and peppers gives hot relief for the pain producing parts.  Lyrica has recently been approved by FDA to give to the patients for relieving the pain of post herpetic neuralgia and diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Cymbalta can also be used for treating diabetic peripheral neuropathy.  Addition of the drugs to set out peripheral neuropathy will be very exciting.

If the medical practitioners know the cause of the peripheral neuropathy, such cases can be successfully treated and majority of the diseases have solutions also.  Simply to say the treatment totally depends on the cause. Neuropathy has been associated with varieties of combinations like weakness, sensory changes and many autonomic changes.  Some symptoms depend on the types of nerves like motor, sensory etc.  Muscle weakness, cramps, spasms, loss of balance and coordination may occur in many patients.  Sensory nerve damage may result in tingling, pain and numbness.  Abnormal blood pressure, heart rate fluctuations, reduced ability to respire, bladder malfunctioning and constipation are the common nerves related symptoms.  Thus cure of peripheral neuropathy totally depends on the cause of their occurrence.


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